Learn More
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health problem. The incidence of kidney failure is rising in all age groups but particularly in older adults. Individuals in all stages of CKD are at higher risk for development of cognitive impairment and this may be a major determinant in their quality of life. Furthermore, cognitive impairment is(More)
One of the proposed causes of obesity and metabolic syndrome is the excessive intake of products containing added sugars, in particular, fructose. Although the ability of excessive intake of fructose to induce metabolic syndrome is mounting, to date, no study has addressed whether a diet specifically lowering fructose but not total carbohydrates can reduce(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricemia is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, data are limited about the relationship of uric acid levels with long-term outcomes in this patient population. STUDY DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study was a randomized controlled trial (N = 840)(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Glomerular filtration rate is widely accepted as the best overall measure of kidney function. Currently available methods to estimate glomerular filtration rate have strengths and limitations. Cystatin C is a novel endogenous filtration marker being considered as a potential replacement for serum creatinine. This review summarizes the(More)
Adiponectin is presumed to possess antiatherogenic and cardioprotective properties. Limited data exist on the relationship between adiponectin and mortality in the earlier stages of chronic kidney disease. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study was a randomized, controlled trial that was conducted between 1989 and 1993. Adiponectin was measured in(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease and is also associated with elevated uric acid, which is emerging as a nontraditional CV risk factor. We therefore evaluated uric acid as a risk factor for CV disease in subjects presenting to nephrologists with CKD who were not on medications known to(More)
The association between fructose and increased blood pressure is still incompletely defined, because experimental studies have produced dissimilar conclusions. Amplified vasopressor responses to minimal stimuli and differing responses to fructose in peripheral versus central sites may explain the controversy. Fructose induces systemic hypertension through(More)
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are conditions that substantially increase morbidity and mortality. Although novel biomarkers are being used in practice, the diagnosis of AKI and CKD is still made with surrogate markers of GFR, such as serum creatinine (SCr), urine output and creatinine based estimating(More)
BACKGROUND The potential atheroprotective role of the different HDL subclasses may depend on the metabolic factors that affect their plasma concentrations. The kidney is supposed to be one of the main catabolic sites for these lipoproteins. However, little is known about the impact of proteinuria on HDL size distribution and HDL structure. The aim of this(More)