Magdalena Karbowniczek

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Miscoordination of growth and proliferation with the cellular stress response can lead to tumorigenesis. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a central cell growth controller, is highly activated in some malignant neoplasms, and its clinical implications are under extensive investigation. We show that constitutive mTOR activity amplifies p53 activation, in(More)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is an often fatal disease primarily affecting young women in which tuberin (TSC2)-null cells metastasize to the lungs. The mechanisms underlying the striking female predominance of LAM are unknown. We report here that 17-beta-estradiol (E(2)) causes a 3- to 5-fold increase in pulmonary metastases in male and female mice,(More)
PURPOSE We determined the frequency of mTOR/p70S6 kinase signaling pathway activation in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Phospho-S6 (Ser235/236) and phospho-mTOR (Ser2448) staining was performed on renal tumor tissue microarrays containing 29 clear cell renal cell carcinomas. Mutational analysis of Rheb and RhebL1 was performed on(More)
Renal angiomyolipomas are highly vascular tumors that occur sporadically, in women with pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM), and in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). The goal of this study was to determine whether the distinctive vessels of angiomyolipomas are neoplastic or reactive. We studied angiomyolipomas with loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the TSC2(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a tumor suppressor syndrome characterized by benign tumors in multiple organs, including the brain and kidney. TSC-associated tumors exhibit hyperactivation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), a direct inhibitor of autophagy. Autophagy can either promote or inhibit tumorigenesis, depending on the cellular(More)
Lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM) is characterized by the proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle cells and cystic degeneration of the lung. LAM affects almost exclusively young women. Although lung transplantation provides effective therapy for end-stage LAM, there are reports of LAM recurrence after lung transplantation. Whether these recurrent LAM cells arise(More)
The p21/WAF1/Cip1 antibody, DCS-60, was characterized by means of immunoblotting and immunofluorescence on a variety of human breast cancer cell lines. Heterogeneous staining of nuclei was observed with strong staining of cells in early G1. p21/WAF1/Cip1 expression in invasive ductal, not otherwise specified breast carcinomas was determined using(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a tumor suppressor gene syndrome with manifestations that can include seizures, mental retardation, autism, and tumors in the brain, retina, kidney, heart, and skin. The products of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes, hamartin and tuberin, respectively, heterodimerize and inhibit the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). We found(More)
The impact of complement on cancer metastasis has not been well studied. In this report, we demonstrate in a preclinical mouse model of breast cancer that the complement anaphylatoxin C5a receptor (C5aR) facilitates metastasis by suppressing effector CD8(+) and CD4(+) T-cell responses in the lungs. Mechanisms of this suppression involve recruitment of(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by seizures, mental retardation, autism, and tumors of multiple organs. Renal disease in TSC includes angiomyolipomas, cysts, and renal cell carcinomas. It is known that somatic mutations in the von Hippel Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene occur in most clear cell renal(More)