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By employing multiparameter sorting, we identified in murine bone marrow (BM) a homogenous population of rare (approximately 0.02% of BMMNC) Sca-1(+)lin(-)CD45- cells that express by RQ-PCR and immunohistochemistry markers of pluripotent stem cells (PSC) such as SSEA-1, Oct-4, Nanog and Rex-1. The direct electronmicroscopical analysis revealed that these(More)
Chemokines, small pro-inflammatory chemoattractant cytokines, that bind to specific G-protein-coupled seven-span transmembrane receptors present on plasma membranes of target cells are the major regulators of cell trafficking. In addition some chemokines have been reported to modulate cell survival and growth. Moreover, compelling evidence is accumulating(More)
The concept that bone marrow (BM)-derived cells participate in cardiac regeneration remains highly controversial and the identity of the specific cell type(s) involved remains unknown. In this study, we report that the postnatal BM contains a mobile pool of cells that express early cardiac lineage markers (Nkx2.5/Csx, GATA-4, and MEF2C). These cells are(More)
Recently, we purified from adult murine bone marrow (BM) a population of CXCR4(+), Oct-4(+) SSEA-1(+), Sca-1(+) lin(-) CD45(-) very small embryonic-like (VSEL) stem cells and hypothesized that similar cells could be also present in human cord blood (CB). Here, we report that by employing a novel two-step isolation procedure -- removal of erythrocytes by(More)
The alpha-chemokine stromal-derived factor (SDF)-1 and the G-protein-coupled seven-span transmembrane receptor CXCR4 axis regulates the trafficking of various cell types. In this review, we present the concept that the SDF-1-CXCR4 axis is a master regulator of trafficking of both normal and cancer stem cells. Supporting this is growing evidence that SDF-1(More)
Accumulating evidence demonstrates that adult tissues contain a population of stem cells that express early developmental markers such as stage-specific embryonic antigen and transcription factors Oct-4 and Nanog. These are the markers characteristic for embryonic stem cells, epiblast stem cells and primordial germ cells. The presence of these stem cells in(More)
It has been suggested that bone marrow (BM)-derived hematopoietic stem cells transdifferentiate into tissue-specific stem cells (the so-called phenomenon of stem cell plasticity), but the possibility of committed tissue-specific stem cells pre-existing in BM has not been given sufficient consideration. We hypothesized that (i) tissue-committed stem cells(More)
Evidence is presented that bone marrow (BM) in addition to CD45(positive) hematopoietic stem cells contains a rare population of heterogenous CD45(negative) nonhematopoietic tissue committed stem cells (TCSC). These nonhematopoietic TCSC (i) are enriched in population of CXCR4(+) CD34(+) AC133(+) lin(-) CD45(-) and CXCR4(+) Sca-1(+) lin(-) CD45(-) in humans(More)
The complement cascade (CC) becomes activated and its cleavage fragments play a crucial role in the mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Here, we sought to determine which major chemoattractant present in peripheral blood (PB) is responsible for the egress of HSPCs from the bone marrow (BM). We noticed that normal and mobilized(More)
OBJECTIVE We recently identified a population of small Sca-1(+)/Lin(-)/CD45(-) cells in adult murine bone marrow that express several epiblast/germ line and pluripotent stem cell markers (e.g., Oct-4 and SSEA-4) that we named "very small embryonic-like stem cells" (VSELs). In this report, we test the hypothesis that VSELs can differentiate along the(More)