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The bioavailability of diazepam in rabbits after rectal administration of three formulations: organic-aqueous Relsed rectal solution (containing ethanol, benzyl alcohol and propylene glycol), submicron emulsion and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), was studied. Submicron emulsion contained MCT oil (20% w/w), egg lecithin and poloxamer; SLN were prepared with(More)
A monitoring campaign in a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland under the influence of transient loads of flow-rate, organic matter, nitrogen and suspended solids showed an irregular removal of COD and TSS and lower both removal efficiencies and mass removal rates than the ones observed in other studies for similar operating conditions. This(More)
Although biochemistry and genetics of light emission by cells have been investigated in detail, a biological role for bacterial luminescence has remained obscure for a long time. It was proposed recently that luminescence may stimulate DNA repair, but the specific mechanism of this phenomenon was not investigated. Moreover, experiments showing decreased(More)
Diazepam was incorporated in lipospheres prepared by high pressure homogenization of melted Witepsol (10%) dispersed in aqueous lecithin (2.4%). Diazepam content was 0.4% and more than 98% of the dose was found to be encapsulated in the lipospheres. Although the initial mean particle size was 0.3 micron, the liposhperes agglomerated during storage and this(More)
Nitrogen removal in treatment wetlands is influenced by many factors, and the presence of electron donors (biodegradable organic matter) and electron acceptors (nitrate ions) is the main limiting one; for obtaining these conditions, multistage treatment wetlands (MTWs) are required, where an extensive nitrification can be obtained in the first stages under(More)
The retention of heavy metals at two pilot-scale treatment wetlands (TWs), consisting of two vertical flow beds (VSSF) followed by a horizontal flow bed (HSSF) was studied. The TWs received high-strength wastewater: reject waters from sewage sludge centrifugation (RW) and landfill leachate (LL). The concentrations of the metals Fe, Mn, Zn, Al, Pb, Cu, Cd,(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the technological reliability of a domestic hybrid wastewater treatment installation consisting of a classic three-chambered (volume 6 m3) septic tank, a vertical flow trickling bed filled with granules of a calcinated clay material (KERAMZYT), a special wetland bed constructed on a slope, and a permeable pond used(More)