Magdalena Dragan

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Gender-related differences in the unstimulated and estrogen-induced activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1 and ERK2, cell proliferation, and cell death were examined using rat cortical astrocytes in culture. Females have higher unstimulated levels of phosphorylated ERK1 and ERK2 than males. 17beta-Estradiol (E(2)) decreases(More)
Sepsis causes brain dysfunction. Because neurotransmission requires high ascorbate and low dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) concentrations in brain extracellular fluid, the effect of septic insult on ascorbate recycling (i.e., uptake and reduction of DHAA) and export was investigated in primary rat and mouse astrocytes. DHAA raised intracellular ascorbate to(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) found in perineuronal nets and in the glial scar after spinal cord injury have been shown to inhibit axonal growth and plasticity. Since we have previously identified SOX9 as a transcription factor that upregulates the expression of a battery of genes associated with glial scar formation in primary astrocyte(More)
Ascorbate is an important antioxidant in the brain. Astrocytes are capable of recycling ascorbate by taking up and then reducing its oxidation product dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) using reducing equivalents derived from NAD(P)H. Astrocytes also contain NAD(P)H-dependent quinone reductases, such as NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), which are capable of(More)
β-Arrestins play critical roles in chemotaxis and cytoskeletal reorganization downstream of several receptor types, including G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which are targets for greater than 50% of all pharmaceuticals. Among them, receptors for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), namely LPA(1) are overexpressed in breast cancer and promote metastatic(More)
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