Magdalena Bienek-Ziolkowski

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BACKGROUND In patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), elevated plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are associated with poor prognosis. The terminal complement complex (C5b-9) stimulates myocardial TNF-alpha expression. AIMS To investigate whether myocardial TNF-alpha and C5b-9 expression correlate with clinical outcome in DCM. (More)
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