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Previously we demonstrated frequent homologous crossovers among molecules of the RNA3 segment in the tripartite brome mosaic bromovirus (BMV) RNA genome (A. Bruyere, M. Wantroba, S. Flasinski, A. Dzianott, and J. J. Bujarski, J. Virol. 74:4214-4219, 2000). To further our knowledge about mechanisms of viral RNA genome variability, in this paper we have(More)
Despite extraordinary progress that has recently been made in biomedical sciences, viral infectious diseases still remain one of the most serious world health problems. Among the different types of viruses, those using RNA as their genetic material (RNA viruses and retroviruses) are especially dangerous. At present there is no medicine allowing an effective(More)
One of the most unusual features of RNA viruses is their enormous genetic variability. Among the different processes contributing to the continuous generation of new viral variants RNA recombination is of special importance. This process has been observed for human, animal, plant and bacterial viruses. The collected data reveal a great susceptibility of RNA(More)
In some RNA viruses (e.g. in brome mosaic virus, BMV), the same factor (intra- or intermolecular hybridization between viral RNA molecules) is capable of inducing two different processes: RNA silencing and RNA recombination. To determine whether there is some interplay between these two phenomena, we have examined if the BMV-based recombination vector(More)
At present, there is no doubt that RNA recombination is one of the major factors responsible for the generation of new RNA viruses and retroviruses. Numerous experimental systems have been created to investigate this complex phenomenon. Consequently, specific RNA structural motifs mediating recombination have been identified in several viruses.(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that certain features of hepatitis C virus (HCV), especially its high genetic variability, might be responsible for the low efficiency of anti-HCV treatment. Here, we present a bioinformatic analysis of HCV-1a populations isolated from 23 children with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) subjected to interferon-ribavirin therapy. The(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies diversification plays an essential role in the establishment of chronic infections. Our earlier analysis of HCV population structure in children subjected to interferon-ribavirin treatment demonstrated that viral quasispecies is homogenous in patients who failed to respond to the therapy and heterogeneous in sustained(More)
The sequencing of several complete genomes and the development of a DNA microarray technology are among the most important achievements of molecular biology. They gave the proper grounds for the development of modern functional genomics. However, there is one additional condition which needs to be satisfied to truely enable the study of how a genome works:(More)
2'-Deoxycytidine hemidihydrogenphosphate has been crystallized in the hexagonal space group P6(2) with a = 25.839(3), c = 12.529(1) A. The structure has been solved using the Patterson search method. The asymmetric unit contains two protonated, base-paired 2'-deoxycytidine dimers and two H2PO4- anions. The C+.C base pairs are composed of a protonated and a(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an extremely dangerous human pathogen. It is widespread all over the world and often leads to the development of chronic hepatitis C (CHC), which can eventually result in cirrhosis a hepatocellular carcinoma. The efficiency of the current applied methods of treatment of HCV infection remains unsatisfactory. The main course of(More)