Magda Mohammad Noshy

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The inhibitory effects of beta-glucan (betaG), one of the biological response modifiers, on the induction of chromosomal aberrations in the bone marrow and spermatogonial cells of mice treated with various anti-neoplastic drugs were investigated. beta-Glucan (100 mg/kg bw, i.p.) pre-treatment reduced the total number of cells with structural chromosomal(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential element and is a widespread environmental pollutant. Exposure to cadmium can result in cytotoxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic effects. Mutagenesis is an indicative of genetic instability and can be assayed using microsatellites instability. The aim of the present study is to investigate; based on the rat model, the effects of(More)
Ribavirin (1-β-d-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) is a widely used broad-spectrum antiviral drug. Recently, several reports revealed genotoxic effects of ribavirin in vivo and in vitro, which were correlated with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study aimed to evaluate the genotoxicity of ribavirin and to investigate the role(More)
The intensive uses of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in sunscreens, toothpaste, sweats, medications, etc. making humans exposed to it daily by not little amounts and also increased its risks including genotoxicity. Thus, the present study was designed as one way to reduce nano-titanium-induced clastogenicity, genotoxicity, and mutagenicity in mice by(More)
Molecular characterization of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) allows prognostic stratification and assessment of the chances of durable treatment response. The presence of FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation as well as the allelic ratio (ITD-AR) and JAK2 V617F mutation may be associated with clinical outcome in patients with AML. FLT3-ITD and JAK2(More)
Human exposure to metals is of increasing concern due to the well-documented toxic and carcinogenic effects of metals and metal compounds, and the rising environmental levels due to industrial processes and pollution. It has been reported that metals can be genotoxic by several modes of action including generation of reactive oxygen species and inhibition(More)
Two combination therapies based on cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil might improve treatment efficacy for several types of malignancies, but at risk of increasing toxicity. The possible protective effects of chlorophyllin (CHL) against the genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of the widely used cisplatin (CIS) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) regimen were evaluated. Mice were(More)
Among the numerous pesticides, anticholinesterase compounds are widely used. Their toxicity induced by cholinesterase inhibition at the synapses and neuromuscular junctions, leading to neurological disorders. Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) has been used as sensitive biomarkers for pesticides exposure. In the(More)
Pesticide exposure may be associated with increased risk of genotoxicity and carcinogenesis. These risks may be affected by polymorphisms of genes for glutathione transferase-dependent metabolism of pesticides and for DNA repair. We studied the prevalence of GSTP1 and XRCC1 polymorphisms and their possible correlation with DNA damage following prolonged(More)
The use of dietary antioxidants to modulate the toxic side effects induced by the anticancer drugs used in chemotherapy is currently eliciting considerable interest. This study was undertaken to investigate the possible protective role of the antioxidant curcumin (CMN) against genotoxicity, cytotoxicity and oxidative stress induced by cisplatin and(More)