Magda Grini

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BACKGROUND Excessive daytime sleepiness is a frequent complaint in Parkinson's disease (PD); however the frequency and risk factors for objective sleepiness remain mostly unknown. We investigated both the frequency and determinants of self-reported and objective daytime sleepiness in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using a wide range of potential(More)
The forced voice corresponds with increased peri-laryngeal tension during phonation caused by inappropriate muscle action. It is usually accompanied by a characteristic posture (the face thrust forwards, tension in the neck muscles etc...). This posture may cause dysfunction of the cords themselves, leading to dysphonia, and perhaps requiring laryngeal(More)
Diagnosis of restless leg syndrome (RLS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is difficult because of clinical confounds. The suggested immobilization test (SIT) is validated for diagnosis of primary RLS. This study evaluated the usefulness of the SIT for diagnosis of RLS in PD. We compared SIT scores, as well as polysomnography measures in 50 patients with PD (25(More)
We report a technique for medialization of a paralyzed vocal cord using a Gore-Tex (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene) implant inserted under local anesthesia via a cervical incision. Gore-Tex is an expanded form of Teflon. It is used in vascular surgery (vessel repair) and esthetic surgery (particularly to increase lip volume). In esthetic surgery, the(More)
The apprenticeship for classical singing requires years of training due to its complexity. This training is directed at the different levels of the vocal apparatus: the source of energy or air flow (lungs), the vibrator (vocal cords) and the resonators (bucco-pharyngeal cavity). For this study we have concentrated on the first level, that is, respiration.(More)
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