Magda Dvořáková

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The carotid body monitors arterial oxygen tension. Spectrophotometric recording of the intact organ has revealed a cytochrome aa3 and a cytochrome b558 as potential oxygen sensor candidates. The latter is known as part of the NADPH oxidase system generating superoxide anions in the "respiratory burst" defense mechanism, and glomus cells have been found to(More)
Immunoreactivities (IR) for catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DβH), phenylethanolamine N-methyl transferase (PNMT), serotonin-synthesizing enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase, and neuropeptide Y were investigated in the intrinsic cardiac nervous system of 27–40–day-old rats using fluorescent(More)
Cytochrome b558 is part of the NADPH oxidase complex of phagocytes, but it has also been proposed to function as a cellular oxygen sensor, e.g. in the carotid body. Thus, we investigated whether cytochrome b558 is present in rat primary afferent neurons. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting using the monoclonal antibody 54.1 directed towards the large(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown for 2 h in the presence of 0.5 mmol/L canavanine in a synthetic medium with ethanol as the sole carbon source (OEC) exhibited a slowing down of protein synthesis for 3–4 h after a shift to fresh ethanolbased medium containing 1.0 mmol/L arginine (OEA) in comparison with untreated cells grown on OEA. The change of carbon source(More)
In addition to the general amino acid transport system (GAP) ofS. cerevisiae l-tryptophan is transported by another system with approximately 25% capacity of GAP, with aK T of 0.41±0.08 mmol/L and with a similar specificity as GAP (lower inhibition by Met, Pro, Ser, Thr and 2-aminoisobutyric acid; greater inhibition by Glu and His). The pH optimum of this(More)
Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) are both encoded by the cholinergic gene locus from which, in the rat, five different species of ChAT mRNA and three different species of VAChT mRNA are produced. So far, discrimination between mRNA subtypes has been possible only in CNS homogenates or in cell cultures. In(More)
Previously we have shown that inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors (IP3Rs) are abundantly expressed in the atria of rat hearts. Since arrangement of atria is very heterogeneous, in this work we focused on the precise localization of IP3 receptors in the left atrium, where the gene expression of the type 1 IP3R was the highest. The mRNA levels of the(More)
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