Magda A Shaheen

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OBJECTIVE To determine the association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and marijuana use. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. PARTICIPANTS The study included(More)
OBJECTIVE Many studies have been published on acute pancreatitis but few, if any, on extrapancreatic manifestations (EPM) in African Americans and Hispanics. We studied the effect of EPM on mortality in these 2 ethnic groups. METHODS Records of 760 acute pancreatitis patients (417 African-American and 343 Hispanic), ages 19-85 years, over a 15-year period(More)
OBJECTIVE African Americans (AAs) and Hispanics have higher diabetes and end-stage renal disease but similar or lower early chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared with whites. Inflammation plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetes-related CKD. We postulated that in contrast to the general population, AAs and Hispanics have a higher prevalence of(More)
Dyspepsia is a common disorder with a prevalence of up to 40% in the general population. The presence of alarm features (age >50 years, loss of appetite, early satiety, loss of weight, dysphagia, abdominal mass, gastrointestinal bleeding, and/or anemia) increase the likelihood of an organic etiology. Despite a plethora of information written on this(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the relationship between acute pancreatitis and organ failure in African-American and Hispanic patients. METHODS The medical records of 760 (417 African-American and 343 Hispanic) patients aged 19-85 years diagnosed with acute pancreatitis over 15 years were reviewed retrospectively. We abstracted and analyzed data related to(More)
Current treatments for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) have severe side effects and are very expensive. There is a need to explore effective natural therapies against HCV that are less toxic and more cost-effective. In the current study, 37 chronic HCV patients were randomized into two groups and treated with either pegylated interferon (PEG IFN) plus ribavirin (n(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine racial and ethnic differences in unmet need for vision care among children with special health care needs. METHODS Cross-sectional data from the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs were analyzed. The analytic sample was 14,070 children with special health care needs who needed eyeglasses or vision care in the(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of a multicomponent intervention on parental knowledge, sun avoidance behaviors, and sun protection practices in children 3-10 years. METHODS A randomized trial at a pediatric clinic recruited 197 caregiver-child pairs (90% parents). Intervention included a brief presentation and brochure for the parent and educational(More)
We examined the in vitro anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity of MRN-100, an iron-based compound derived from bivalent and tervalent ferrates. MRN-100 action against HIV-1 (SF strain) was tested in primary cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) by analyzing p24 antigen production and percent survival of MNC infected with HIV.(More)