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It is well known that when a suspension of cells flows in small vessels (arterioles or venules), there exists a cell-free layer of a few microns adjacent to the vascular walls. Using an in vitro model, we show experimentally that for a fixed flow rate a geometrical constriction in the flow can artificially enhance the cell-free layer. Also, we show that(More)
We reveal that under moderate shear stress (etagamma[over ] approximately 0.1 Pa) red blood cells present an oscillation of their inclination (swinging) superimposed to the long-observed steady tank treading (TT) motion. A model based on a fluid ellipsoid surrounded by a viscoelastic membrane initially unstrained (shape memory) predicts all observed(More)
Microfluidic tools are providing many new insights into the chemical, physical and physicochemical responses of cells. Both suspension-level and single-cell measurements have been studied. We review our studies of these kinds of problems for red blood cells with particular focus on the shapes of individual cells in confined geometries, the development and(More)
PURPOSE The ability of remotely tagging tissues in a controlled and three-dimensional manner during preoperative imaging could greatly help surgeons to identify targets for resection. The authors' objective is to selectively and noninvasively deposit markers under image guidance for such internal tattooing. METHODS This study describes the production of(More)
We propose a broadly applicable high-speed microfluidic approach for measuring dynamical pressure-drop variations along a micrometer-sized channel and illustrate the potential of the technique by presenting measurements of the additional pressure drop produced at the scale of individual flowing cells. The influence of drug-modified mechanical properties of(More)
We experimentally study the production of micrometer-sized droplets using microfluidic technology and a flow-focusing geometry. Two distinct methods of flow control are compared: (i) control of the flow rates of the two phases and (ii) control of the inlet pressures of the two phases. In each type of experiment, the drop size l, velocity U and production(More)
Osmotic deflation of giant vesicles in the rippled gel phase P(β') gives rise to a large variety of novel faceted shapes. These shapes are also found from a numerical approach by using an elastic surface model. A shape diagram is proposed based on the model that accounts for the vesicle size and ratios of three mechanical constants: in-plane shear(More)
We report a new technique to measure coagulation dynamics on whole-blood samples. The method relies on the analysis of the speckle figure resulting from a whole-blood sample mixed with coagulation reagent and introduced in a thin chamber illuminated with a coherent light. A dynamic study of the speckle reveals a typical behavior due to coagulation. We(More)
Microfluidic flow-focusing technology is used to investigate the effect on drop formation due to the production of a surfactant via an interfacial chemical reaction. The reactants are an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and a mixture of oleic acid (C(17)H(33)-COOH) and mineral oil, for the dispersed and continuous phase fluids, respectively, at(More)
Promising microfluidic devices are proposed herein to continuously and passively extract plasma from whole human blood. These designs are based on the red cells lateral migration and the resulting cell-free layer locally expanded by geometric singularities, such as an abrupt enlargement of the channel or a cavity adjacent to the channel. After an(More)