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MOTIVATION Motion is inherent in molecular interactions. Molecular flexibility must be taken into account in order to develop accurate computational techniques for predicting interactions. Energy-based methods currently used in molecular modeling (i.e. molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo algorithms) are, in practice, only able to compute local motions while(More)
The efficient filtering of unfeasible conformations would considerably benefit the exploration of the conformational space when searching for minimum energy structures or during molecular simulation. The most important conditions for filtering are the maintenance of molecular chain integrity and the avoidance of steric clashes. These conditions can be seen(More)
The BLAST search for amylosucrases has yielded several gene sequences of putative amylosucrases, however, with various questionable annotations. The putative encoded proteins share 32-48% identity with Neisseria polysaccharea amylosucrase (AS) and contain several amino acid residues proposed to be involved in AS specificity. First, the B-domains of the(More)
Amylosucrase from Neisseria polysaccharea (AS) is a remarkable transglycosidase of family 13 of the glycoside hydrolases that catalyses the synthesis of an amylose-like polymer from sucrose and is always described as a sucrose-specific enzyme. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the ability of pure AS to catalyse the disproportionation of(More)
A novel Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1299 dextransucrase gene, dsrE, was isolated, sequenced, and cloned in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant enzyme was shown to be an original glucansucrase which catalyses the synthesis of alpha-1,6 and alpha-1,2 linkages. The nucleotide sequence of the dsrE gene consists of an open reading frame of 8,508 bp coding(More)
For the first time, glucosylation of alpha-butyl- and alpha-octylglucopyranoside was achieved using dextransucrase (DS) of various specificities, and alternansucrase (AS) from Leuconostoc mesenteroides. All the glucansucrases (GS) tested used alpha-butylglucopyranoside as acceptor; in particular, DS produced(More)
Amylosucrase is a transglycosidase which belongs to family 13 of the glycoside hydrolases and transglycosidases, and catalyses the formation of amylose from sucrose. Its potential use as an industrial tool for the synthesis or modification of polysaccharides is hampered by its low catalytic efficiency on sucrose alone, its low stability and the catalysis of(More)
The study of exopolysaccharide production by heterofermentative sourdough lactic acid bacteria has shown that Weissella strains isolated from sourdoughs produce linear dextrans containing α-(1→6) glucose residues with few α-(1→3) linkages from sucrose. In this study, several dextran-producing strains, Weissella cibaria and Weissella confusa, isolated from(More)
Weissella confusa and Weissella cibaria isolated from wheat sourdoughs produce, from sucrose, linear dextrans due to a single soluble dextransucrase. In this study, the first complete gene sequence encoding dextransucrase from a W. confusa strain (LBAE C39-2) along with the one from a W. cibaria strain (LBAE K39) were reported. Corresponding gene cloning(More)