Magali Pariat

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Degradation of c-fos protein (c-FOS) in the cytoplasm is very rapid in vivo and constitutes a crucial regulation of the nuclear steady-state level through the control of the amount of full-length molecules available for nuclear transport. Using cytoplasmic extracts from various origins, we report herein that c-FOS degradation can be initiated in a(More)
p53 is a short-lived transcription factor that is frequently mutated in tumor cells. Work by several laboratories has already shown that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway can largely account for p53 destruction, at least under specific experimental conditions. We report here that, in vitro, wild-type p53 is a sensitive substrate for milli- and microcalpain,(More)
c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes have originally been found in mutated forms in murine and avian oncogenic retroviruses. They both define multigenic families of transcription factors. Both c-jun and c-fos proteins are metabolically unstable. In vivo and in vitro work by various groups suggests that multiple proteolytic machineries, including the lysosomes,(More)
Degradation of rapidly turned over cellular proteins is commonly thought to be energy dependent, to require tagging of protein substrates by multi-ubiquitin chains, and to involve the 26 S proteasome, which is the major neutral proteolytic activity in both the cytosol and the nucleus. The c-Jun oncoprotein is very unstable in vivo. Using cell-free(More)
The c-Fos and c-Jun oncoproteins and the p53 tumor suppressor protein are short-lived transcription factors. Several catabolic pathways contribute to their degradation in vivo. c-Fos and c-Jun are thus mostly degraded by the proteasome, but there is indirect evidence that, under certain experimental/physiological conditions, calpains participate in their(More)
Cytoplasmic degradation of c-fos protein is extremely rapid. Under certain conditions, it is a multi-step process initiated by calcium-dependent and ATP-independent proteases called calpains. PEST motifs are peptide regions rich in proline, glutamic acid/aspartic acid and serine/threonine residues, commonly assumed to constitute built-in signals for rapid(More)
We report for the first time, modulation of cytosolic calcium in response to glutamate and specific glutamate receptor agonists in early embryonic rat brain cells (raphe cells taken at gestation days 13 or 14). Metabotropic as well as ionotropic agonists were effective. Cells responding to kainic acid were particularly prominent in caudal raphe. We used(More)
Milli- and micro-calpains are ubiquitous cytoplasmic cysteine proteases activated by calcium. They display a relatively strict specificity for their substrates which they usually cleave at only a limited number of sites. Motifs responsible for recognition by calpains have not been characterized yet, and recently a role for PEST motifs in this process has(More)
The c-Fos and c-Jun transcription factors are rapidly turned over in vivo. One of the multiple pathways responsible for their breakdown is probably initiated by calpains, which are cytoplasmic calcium-dependent cysteine proteases. The c-fos gene has been transduced by two murine oncogenic retroviruses called Finkel-Biskis-Jenkins murine sarcoma virus(More)
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