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The transcriptional regulator NprR controls the expression of genes essential for the adaptative response of Bacillus cereus. NprR belongs to the RNPP family of directly regulated quorum sensors from Gram-positive bacteria. It is activated by the re-imported signaling peptide NprX. To elucidate the activation mechanism of this quorum-sensing system, we(More)
One of the mechanisms contributing to the protection by breast-feeding of the newborn against enteric diseases is related to the ability of human milk oligosaccharides to prevent the attachment of pathogenic bacteria to the duodenual epithelium. Indeed, a variety of fucosylated oligosaccharides, specific to human milk, form part of the innate immune system.(More)
A simple and low-cost device is described which facilitates the calibration of intracellular DC recordings in amplitude and time. A current source, optically coupled to a conventional stimulator, injects a pulse of current, across a 1-omega resistor connecting the preparation to ground. Amplitude and duration of the current pulse are determined by adjusting(More)
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