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Recent advances in the proteomics field have allowed a series of high throughput experiments to be conducted on chloroplast samples, and the data are available in several public databases. However, the accurate localization of many chloroplast proteins often remains hypothetical. This is especially true for envelope proteins. We went a step further into the(More)
SUMMARY The IRMa toolbox provides an interactive application to assist in the validation of Mascot search results. It allows automatic filtering of Mascot identification results as well as manual confirmation or rejection of individual PSM (a match between a fragmentation mass spectrum and a peptide). Dynamic grouping and coherence of information are(More)
The chloroplastic drought-induced stress protein of 32 kDa (CDSP32) is a thioredoxin induced by environmental stress conditions. To gain insight into the function of CDSP32, we applied two strategies to analyze its targets. First, using affinity chromatography with an immobilized CDSP32 active site mutant, we identified six plastidic targets of CDSP32.(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes kill target cells via the polarized secretion of cytotoxic granules at the immune synapse. The lytic granules are initially recruited around the polarized microtubule-organizing center. In a dynein-dependent transport process, the granules move along microtubules toward the microtubule-organizing center in the minus-end direction.(More)
Urine is an easily accessible bodily fluid particularly suited for the routine clinical analysis of disease biomarkers. Actually, the urinary proteome is more diverse than anticipated a decade ago. Hence, significant analytical and practical issues of urine proteomics such as sample collection and preparation have emerged, in particular for large-scale(More)
Diagnostic development and public health surveillance require technologies that provide specific identification and absolute quantification of protein biomarkers. Beside immunologically related techniques (e.g. enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), MS is gaining increasing interest due to its high sensitivity and specificity. Furthermore, MS-based analyses(More)
UVB radiation-induced formation of dimeric photoproducts at bipyrimidine sites within DNA has been unambiguously associated with the lethal and mutagenic properties of sunlight. The main lesions include the cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and the pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone adducts. The latter compounds have been shown in model systems to be converted into(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells help control infections and tumors via a killing activity that is mediated by the release of cytotoxic granules. Granule secretion at the synapse formed between the CTL and the target cell leads to apoptosis of the latter. This process involves polarization of the CTL's secretory machinery and(More)
PURPOSE Urine proteomics is emerging as a powerful tool for biomarker discovery. The purpose of this study is the development of a well-characterized "real life" sample that can be used as reference standard in urine clinical proteomics studies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We report on the generation of male and female urine samples that are extensively(More)
The essential C17 subunit of yeast RNA polymerase (Pol) III interacts with Brf1, a component of TFIIIB, suggesting a role for C17 in the initiation step of transcription. The protein sequence of C17 (encoded by RPC17) is conserved from yeasts to humans. However, mammalian homologues of C17 (named CGRP-RCP) are known to be involved in a signal transduction(More)