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The spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a growing problem and a public health issue. In recent decades, various genetic mechanisms involved in the spread of resistance genes among bacteria have been identified. Integrons - genetic elements that acquire, exchange, and express genes embedded within gene cassettes (GC) - are one of these mechanisms.(More)
Aerobic and anaerobic digestions were compared with different sludge reduction processes such as ultrasonic, ozone, and thermal treatments. Each treatment was tested under the following conditions to improve batch aerobic or anaerobic digestion: ultrasound (200,000kJkgTS(0)(-1)), thermal (40 degrees C, 60 degrees C, 90 degrees C for 90 min, 120 degrees C 15(More)
There is increasing evidence that human activity, and especially the resulting effluent, has a major role in the dissemination of bacterial antibiotic-resistance determinants in the environment. Hospitals are the major antibiotic consumers and thus facilitate the spread of antibiotic resistance. Questions are increasingly being raised about the management(More)
The effect of thermal treatment of activated sludge on cadmium uptake was investigated in respect with potential modifications of floc surface properties. Soluble fraction biochemical composition and floc size measurements evidenced floc destructuration and the release of (in)organic ligands in solution. Characterization of sludge samples by potentiometric(More)
To monitor the ability of flocs to settle in Sequencing Batch Reactor sludge, two methods were tested during two operation cycles. Firstly, an automated image analysis procedure has been tested to quantify the floc size and the length and number of filaments. Secondly, rheological measurements (Bingham viscosity and shear stress) have been used to(More)
Flocs surface functional groups evolutions due to an ultrasonic treatment were investigated in respect with the mechanisms involved during sonication. Activated sludge surface functional groups changes were studied after treatment of a sample at different ultrasonic specific energies. Sludge functionality was qualitatively assessed by recording the infrared(More)
The treatment of hospital effluents (HE) is a major concern, as they are suspected of disseminating drugs and antibiotic resistance determinants in the environment. In order to assess HE influence on wastewater treatment plant biomass, lab-scale conventional activated sludge systems (CAS) were continuously fed with real HE or urban effluent as a control. To(More)
Hospital effluents are involved in dissemination of antibiotic-resistant integrons. We describe here a new class 3 integron, In3-5, detected in an Enterobacter cloacae isolate retrieved from a random French hospital effluent sample collected in 2009. In3-5 carries two gene cassettes: the new blaOXA -256 and an aac(6')-Ib variant, respectively conferring(More)
The effects of sonication of activated sludge on heavy metal uptake were in a first time investigated in respect with potential modifications of floc surface properties. The treatment led to the simultaneous increase of specific surface area and of the availability of negative and/or hydrophilic sites. In parallel, organic matter was released in the soluble(More)
This study aimed to determine the effect of sludge stabilization treatments (liming and anaerobic digestion) on the mobility of different pharmaceutical compounds in soil amended by landspreading of treated sludge from different sources (urban and hospital). The sorption and desorption potential of the following pharmaceutical compounds: carbamazepine(More)