Mafalda S. Baptista

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A capillary electrophoretic method for the determination of the amino acid β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) was achieved using a fused-silica capillary column (50 cm × 75 μm I.D.) filled with 5 mM sodium tetraborate solution (pH 9), with an applied voltage of 25 kV, at 25 °C. The method was then applied in quantifying BMAA in eighteen strains of lyophilized(More)
The environmental health-related relevance of cyanobacteria is primarily related to their ability to produce a wide range of toxins, which are known to be hazardous to many organisms, including human beings. The occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms has been related to eutrophic surface water. In the bloom-forming process the levels of phosphorus and nitrogen(More)
This work aimed at comparing the dynamics of atmospheric metal accumulation by the lichen Flavoparmelia caperata and bark of Platanus hybrida over different periods of time. Transplants were exposed in three Portuguese coastal cities. Samples were retrieved (1) every 2 months (discontinuous exposure), or (2) after 2-, 4-, 6-, 8- and 10-month periods(More)
The tailor made amino acid β-N-methyl-amino-l-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxin produced by cyanobacteria. It has been associated with certain forms of progressive neurodegenerative disease, including sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. Some different reports of BMAA in cyanobacterial blooms from lakes, reservoirs, and other water(More)
A method has been developed and optimized in order to detect and quantify the non-protein amino acid β-N-methylamino-L-alanine(BMAA) in cyanobacteria. The novelty of the method is that we have used methanol instead of acetonitrile as the eluent. The method includes extraction with 0.1 M trichloroacetic acid (free BMAA) or protein hydrolysis with 6 M(More)
Potential effects of metal nanoparticles on aquatic organisms and food webs are hard to predict from the results of single-species tests under controlled laboratory conditions, and more realistic exposure experiments are rarely conducted. We tested whether silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) had an impact on zooplankton grazing on their prey, specifically(More)
To determine whether 2-amino-3-methylaminopropanoic acid (BMAA) could be taken up by marine organisms from seawater or their diet mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, collected from the North Atlantic Portuguese shore, were exposed to seawater doped with BMAA standard (for up to 48 h) or fed with cyanobacteria (for up to 15 days). Mussels were able to uptake(More)
This work aimed to investigate the influence of Microcystis aeruginosa on the rate of minocycline (MNC) removal (abiotic degradation, physical binding or chemical transformation by cells) and the toxicity of MNC and its degradation products to the cyanobacterium. Most of the work was carried out in culture media in the presence or in the absence of M.(More)
Samples of Platanus hybrida Brot. bark and Flavoparmelia caperata (L.) Hale thalli, from a clean area in northern Portugal (Baião), were transplanted into an exposure location at the south-western Atlantic coast, impacted by urban-industrial emissions (Sines), for a 10-month long experiment. Bark pieces were confined into nylon bags (2-mm mesh), and lichen(More)
The amino acid β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) was screened in 23 cyanobacteria strains, isolated from freshwater, estuarine, or marine environments, and at 7 freshwater locations supporting recurrent cyanobacteria blooms. BMAA was present in one estuarine and one marine strain. The estuarine strain Nostoc sp. 06077, a diazotrophic cyanobacterium, had BMAA(More)