Mafalda Bourbon

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BACKGROUND Patients with PCSK9 gene gain of function (GOF) mutations have a rare form of autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia. However, data examining their clinical characteristics and geographic distribution are lacking. Furthermore, no randomized treatment study in this population has been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS We compiled clinical(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by a raised concentration of LDL in plasma that results in a significantly increased risk of premature atherosclerosis. In FH, impaired removal of LDL from the circulation results from inherited mutations in the LDL receptor gene or, more rarely, in the gene for apo B, the ligand for the LDL receptor. We(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver steatosis measurement by controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a non-invasive method for diagnosing steatosis, based on transient elastography. Its usefulness as screening procedure for hepatic steatosis in general population has not been previously evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CAP(More)
BACKGROUND Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) endoscopic inguinal hernia repair is indicated for recurrent and bilateral inguinal hernias and traditionally is performed under general anesthesia. However, interventions that minimize pain and reduce opioid consumption have certain advantages for patients by avoiding side effects such as nausea and vomiting. The(More)
Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is characterized by increased circulating low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol leading to premature atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Although FH is usually caused by mutations in LDLR, mutations in APOB and PCSK9 also cause FH but only a few mutations have been reported, APOB p.R3527Q being the most(More)
The main aim of the Portuguese Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Study is to identify the genetic cause of hypercholesterolaemia in individuals with a clinical diagnosis of Familial Hypercholesterolaemia (FH). A total of 1340 blood samples were collected from 482 index patients and 858 relatives with the collaboration of clinicians from several hospitals all(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) results from defective low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) activity, mainly due to LDLR gene defects. Of the many different LDLR mutations found in patients with FH, about 6% of single base substitutions are located near or within introns, and are predicted to result in exon skipping, retention of an intron, or(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the LDL receptor gene are the major cause of familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) but it has been previously shown that the simple finding of a variation in the coding sequence of the LDLR does not confirm that it is the actual cause of FH. The pathogenicity of five missense alterations in the LDLR gene coding sequence found in a(More)
  • E Di Leo, L Magnolo, +5 authors P Tarugi
  • Clinical genetics
  • 2008
Homozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinaemia (Ho-FHBL) is a rare co-dominant disorder characterized by extremely low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apolipoprotein B (apoB). Most patients with Ho-FHBL have mutations in APOB gene resulting in truncated apoBs. Some patients are asymptomatic, while others have fatty liver, intestinal(More)