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Multi-drug resistance 1 (MDR1, ABCB1), also known as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), restricts intestinal uptake of many drugs, and contributes to cellular resistance to cancer chemotherapy. In this study, we examined the pharmacologic characteristics of HM30181, a newly developed MDR1 inhibitor, and tested its capacity to increase the oral bioavailability and(More)
Virtual screening was performed to determine potent vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2 kinase inhibitors. A database of approximately 820,000 commercial compounds was used for screening, and 100 compounds were chosen as candidate VEGFR-2 inhibitors through pharmacophore modeling and docking studies. These 100 compounds were purchased to(More)
Alzheimer's disease is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by the abnormal aggregation of amyloid-β into neurotoxic oligomers and plaques. Although many disease-modifying molecules are currently in Alzheimer clinical trials, a small molecule that inhibits amyloid-β aggregation and ameliorates the disorder has not been approved(More)
BACKGROUND Paclitaxel has been shown to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation contributing to neointimal formation. This study tested whether novel oral formulations of paclitaxel can prevent neointimal formation in a rat carotid artery injury model. METHODS AND RESULTS Oral formulations of paclitaxel (0, 5, 7.5, or 10 mg/kg)(More)
Alzheimer's disease drug discovery regarding exploration into the molecules and processes has focused on the intrinsic causes of the brain disorder correlated with the accumulation of amyloid-β. An anti-amyloidogenic bis-styrylbenzene derivative, KMS80013, showed excellent oral bioavailability (F=46.2%), facilitated brain penetration (26%, iv) in mouse and(More)
Src is an important target in multiple processes associated with tumor growth and development, including proliferation, neovascularization, and metastasis. In this study, hit identification was performed by virtual screening of commercial and in-house compound libraries. Docking studies for the hits were performed, and scoring functions were used to(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of receptor tyrosine kinases has been implicated in a variety of cancers. In particular, activating mutations such as the L858R point mutation in exon 21 and the small in-frame deletions in exon 19 of the EGFR tyrosine kinase domain are correlated with sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the antitumor effect of ZD6474, an orally available inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), on tumor growth in an orthotopic metastatic brain tumor model. In order to determine the antitumor mechanism of ZD6474 treatment, in vitro and(More)
A novel series of N(4)-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-(oxazol-2-yl)pyrimidine-4,6-diamines were synthesized and evaluated as dual inhibitors of HER-1/HER-2 tyrosine kinases. In contrast to the currently approved HER-2-targeted agent (lapatinib, 1), our irreversible HER-1/HER-2 inhibitors have the potential to overcome the clinically relevant and mutation-induced drug(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a factor responsible for the multidrug resistance of tumors, is specifically expressed in brain microenvironment. To test its roles in brain metastatic tumor chemoresistance, we implanted the paclitaxel-sensitive melanoma cell line, K1735, into the skin or brain of mice and examined its paclitaxel resistances. When implanted into the(More)