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BACKGROUND The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) has shown that topical ocular hypotensive medication is effective in delaying or preventing the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in individuals with elevated intraocular pressure (ocular hypertension) and no evidence of glaucomatous damage. OBJECTIVE To describe baseline demographic and(More)
BACKGROUND Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States and worldwide. Three to 6 million people in the United States are at increased risk for developing POAG because of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), or ocular hypertension. There is no consensus on the efficacy of medical treatment in delaying or(More)
OBJECTIVE Central corneal thickness influences intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement. We examined the central corneal thickness of subjects in the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) and determined if central corneal thickness is related to race. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS One thousand three hundred one OHTS subjects with central(More)
BACKGROUND The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) seeks to evaluate the safety and efficacy of topical ocular hypotensive medication in preventing or delaying the onset of visual field loss and/or optic nerve damage in subjects with ocular hypertension at moderate risk for developing primary open angle glaucoma. OBJECTIVE To describe the study(More)
PURPOSE To describe the baseline findings in patients enrolled in the Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Keratoconus (CLEK) Study. METHODS This is a longitudinal observational study of 1209 patients with keratoconus enrolled at 16 clinical centers. Its main outcome measures are corneal scarring, visual acuity, keratometry, and quality of life. (More)
PURPOSE We hypothesize that cellular immunity may have a previously unrecognized role in glaucomatous optic neuropathy. The purpose of this study is to analyze subsets of T cells and the levels of cytokine IL-2 and the soluble IL-2 receptor in peripheral blood from patients with normal pressure glaucoma (NPG) or primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in(More)
Using an unobtrusive eyedrop medication monitor, we measured compliance with topical pilocarpine treatment in a sample of 184 patients. The eyedrop monitor recorded electronically the date and time of each pilocarpine administration over a four- to six-week period. The subjects administered a mean +/- S.D. of 76.0% +/- 24.3% of the prescribed pilocarpine(More)
In an attempt to elucidate more fully the pathophysiologic basis of early visual dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus, color vision (hue discrimination) and spatial resolution (contrast sensitivity) were tested in diabetic patients with little or no retinopathy (n = 57) and age-matched visual normals (n = 35). Some evidence of visual dysfunction(More)
BACKGROUND Silent cerebral infarcts are the most common neurologic injury in children with sickle cell anemia and are associated with the recurrence of an infarct (stroke or silent cerebral infarct). We tested the hypothesis that the incidence of the recurrence of an infarct would be lower among children who underwent regular blood-transfusion therapy than(More)
To determine if compliance with timolol treatment was better than compliance with pilocarpine treatment (as reported previously), we measured compliance with timolol treatment in a sample of 110 patients using an unobtrusive eyedrop medication monitor, which recorded electronically the date and time of each drug administration over a four- to six-week(More)