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BACKGROUND Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States and worldwide. Three to 6 million people in the United States are at increased risk for developing POAG because of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), or ocular hypertension. There is no consensus on the efficacy of medical treatment in delaying or(More)
BACKGROUND The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) has shown that topical ocular hypotensive medication is effective in delaying or preventing the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in individuals with elevated intraocular pressure (ocular hypertension) and no evidence of glaucomatous damage. OBJECTIVE To describe baseline demographic and(More)
OBJECTIVE Central corneal thickness influences intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement. We examined the central corneal thickness of subjects in the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) and determined if central corneal thickness is related to race. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS One thousand three hundred one OHTS subjects with central(More)
Using an unobtrusive eyedrop medication monitor, we measured compliance with topical pilocarpine treatment in a sample of 184 patients. The eyedrop monitor recorded electronically the date and time of each pilocarpine administration over a four- to six-week period. The subjects administered a mean +/- S.D. of 76.0% +/- 24.3% of the prescribed pilocarpine(More)
PURPOSE To describe the baseline findings in patients enrolled in the Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Keratoconus (CLEK) Study. METHODS This is a longitudinal observational study of 1209 patients with keratoconus enrolled at 16 clinical centers. Its main outcome measures are corneal scarring, visual acuity, keratometry, and quality of life. (More)
BACKGROUND The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) seeks to evaluate the safety and efficacy of topical ocular hypotensive medication in preventing or delaying the onset of visual field loss and/or optic nerve damage in subjects with ocular hypertension at moderate risk for developing primary open angle glaucoma. OBJECTIVE To describe the study(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and efficacy of earlier vs later treatment in preventing primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in individuals with ocular hypertension. METHODS One thousand six hundred thirty-six individuals with intraocular pressure (IOP) from 24 to 32 mm Hg in 1 eye and 21 to 32 mm Hg in the fellow eye were randomized to observation or to(More)
To determine if compliance with timolol treatment was better than compliance with pilocarpine treatment (as reported previously), we measured compliance with timolol treatment in a sample of 110 patients using an unobtrusive eyedrop medication monitor, which recorded electronically the date and time of each drug administration over a four- to six-week(More)
Clinically evident retinal vascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus may be preceded by an increase in visual evoked potential latency in electrophysiologic testing. This increase may indicate either retinal or optic nerve dysfunction. To determine the origin of the latency increase we initiated a cross-sectional study of simultaneous(More)
The Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Keratoconus (CLEK) Survey represents the largest sample of clinic-based keratoconus patients to date. Data were collected at 38 clinical centers on 1,579 keratoconus patients. This article reports demographic variable, ages, self-reported ages at diagnosis, keratometry, slit-lamp findings, systemic disease,(More)