Mads Damkjaer

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Norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction, which is mediated by alpha-adrenergic receptors, is accentuated in patients with autonomic neuropathy. In contrast, responses mediated by beta-adrenergic receptors, including vasodilatation and metabolic changes, have not been evaluated in these patients. To study these responses, we administered epinephrine in a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In rodents, the endothelial KCa channels, KCa3.1 and KCa2.3, have been shown to play a crucial role in initiating endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) vasodilator responses. However, it is not known to what extent these channels are involved in blood pressure regulation in large mammals, which would also allow us to(More)
1. Herein, we review mechanisms of sodium balance operating at constant mean arterial blood pressure (MABP); that is, under conditions where MABP does not provide the primary signal to the kidney. 2. Relative constancy of body fluids requires accurate regulation of total body sodium (TBS). Normally, plenty of sodium is ingested and balance is achieved by(More)
Depressive psychiatric patients often shown non-suppression to the dexamethasone suppression test (DST). Stroke patients shows a high frequency of depression. In the present study the DST was studied in 76 stroke patients and 26 controls. No difference was found in frequency of non-suppression to the DST between depressive and non-depressive stroke(More)
The treatment of Bartter's syndrome is fraught with difficulties, and there is no consensus concerning the pathogenetic mechanisms involved. Potassium depletion with hypokaliaemia is a dominant feature of the syndrome. In this case history, a 42-year-old woman suffering from Bartter's syndrome did not improve on several therapeutic trials. An impressive(More)
AIM In essential hypertension (EH), the regulation of renal sodium excretion is aberrant. We hypothesized that in mild EH, (i) abnormal dynamics of plasma renin concentration (PRC) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) are responsible for the exaggerated natriuresis, and (ii) exosomic protein patterns reflect the renal tubular abnormality involved in the(More)
Glomerular filtration rate, renal plasma flow, active renin, renin substrate and angiotensin II concentrations were monitored in nine consecutive patients (3 women, 6 men, mean age 31 years) with newly diagnosed, insulin-dependent diabetes. Measurements were performed before and during the initial eight days of intensive insulin treatment. All patients had(More)
BACKGROUND The tallest animal on earth, the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is endowed with a mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) twice that of other mammals. The kidneys reside at heart level and show no sign of hypertension-related damage. We hypothesized that a species-specific evolutionary adaption in the giraffe kidney allows normal for size renal(More)
A two-step purification method is described for the preparation of renin substrate from human plasma. Pooled plasma from women on oral contraceptives is used for the purification. The overall yield of renin substrate is 57%, with a twenty-fold purification. The specific renin substrate content of the preparation, as determined by enzymatic degradation with(More)