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The canonical conformational states occupied by most ligand-gated ion channels, and many cell-surface receptors, are the resting, activated, and desensitized states. While the resting and activated states of multiple receptors are well characterized, elaboration of the structural properties of the desensitized state, a state that is by definition inactive,(More)
The hexameric Escherichia coli RNA chaperone Hfq (Hfq(Ec)) is involved in riboregulation of target mRNAs by small trans-encoded RNAs. Hfq proteins of different bacteria comprise an evolutionarily conserved core, whereas the C-terminus is variable in length. Although the structure of the conserved core has been elucidated for several Hfq proteins, no(More)
In enteric bacteria, many small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) associate with the RNA chaperone host factor Q (Hfq) and often require the protein for regulation of target mRNAs. Previous studies suggested that the hexameric Escherichia coli Hfq (Hfq(Ec)) binds sRNAs on the proximal site, whereas the distal site has been implicated in Hfq-mRNA interactions.(More)
At low temperature, translational activation of rpoS mRNA, encoding the stationary phase sigma-factor, sigma(S), involves the small regulatory RNA (sRNA) DsrA and the RNA chaperone Hfq. The Hfq-mediated DsrA-rpoS interaction relieves an intramolecular secondary structure that impedes ribosome access to the rpoS ribosome binding site. In addition, DsrA/rpoS(More)
Folding of RNA molecules into their functional three-dimensional structures is often supported by RNA chaperones, some of which can catalyse the two elementary reactions helix disruption and helix formation. Hfq is one such RNA chaperone, but its strand displacement activity is controversial. Whereas some groups found Hfq to destabilize secondary(More)
In Escherichia coli the RNA chaperone Hfq is involved in riboregulation by assisting base-pairing between small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) and mRNA targets. Several structural and biochemical studies revealed RNA binding sites on either surface of the donut shaped Hfq-hexamer. Whereas sRNAs are believed to contact preferentially the YKH motifs present on the(More)
The structure of full-length host factor Qβ (Hfq) from Escherichia coli obtained from a crystal belonging to space group P1, with unit-cell parameters a = 61.91, b = 62.15, c = 81.26 Å, α = 78.6, β = 86.2, γ = 59.9°, was solved by molecular replacement to a resolution of 2.85 Å and refined to R(work) and R(free) values of 20.7% and 25.0%, respectively. Hfq(More)
AMPA-type ionotropic glutamate receptors generally display high stereoselectivity in agonist binding. However, the stereoisomers of 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)propionic acid (TDPA) have similar enantiopharmacology. To understand this observation, we have determined the X-ray structures of ( R)-TDPA and ( S)-TDPA in complex with the(More)
CsdA is one of five E. coli DEAD-box helicases and as a cold-shock protein assists RNA structural remodeling at low temperatures. The helicase has been shown to catalyze duplex unwinding in an ATP-dependent way and accelerate annealing of complementary RNAs, but detailed kinetic analyses are missing. Therefore, we performed kinetic measurements using a(More)
Gene-expression changes observed in Drosophila embryos after inducing the transcription factor Tramtrack led to the identification of the protein Expansion. Expansion contains an N-terminal domain similar in sequence to the MH2 domain characteristic of Smad proteins, which are the central mediators of the effects of the TGF-β signalling pathway. Apart from(More)
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