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Six primary (Ia) and seven secondary (II) muscle spindle afferents and eight Golgi tendon organ afferents (Ib) from the tibial anterior muscle of the cat, recorded at the dorsal roots, were subjected to a sinusoidal stretch of the host muscle, the frequency of which increased linearly from 2 to 80 Hz over four different lengths of time. Both the amplitude(More)
The effects of changes in temperature on primary and secondary endings of isolated cat muscle spindles were investigated under ramp-and-hold stretches and different degrees of pre-stretch. Temperature-induced alterations of the discharge frequency were compared over a temperature range of 25-35 degrees C. Both primary and secondary endings responded to(More)
The effects of the preservative chlorobutanol on primary and secondary endings of muscle spindles isolated from the tenuissimus muscle of the cat were investigated in this study. Chlorobutanol was applied to the bathing solution in final concentrations of between 10 and 100 microg/ml. It induced a reversible and dose dependent decrease in the discharge(More)
The impulse activity of muscle spindles isolated from the cat tenuissimus muscle was investigated under varying concentrations of external calcium (Ca(2+)). The outer capsule of the muscle spindle represents an effective diffusion barrier for Ca(2+) ions since activity changes were strong and rapid only if the capsule was partly removed from the sensory(More)
In chronic pancreatitis (CP), persistent activation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) converts wound healing into a pathological process resulting in organ fibrosis. Here, we have analysed senescence as a novel mechanism involved in the termination of PSC activation and tissue repair. PSC senescence was first studied in vitro by establishing long-term(More)
Muscle spindle activity has been shown to decrease in the sustained contracting muscle. The effect has been assumed to result from a declining fusimotor drive. Since accumulation of metabolites including H(+), lactate and CO(2) might also affect the receptor in the fatiguing muscle, the impulse activity of muscle spindles isolated from the cat tenuissimus(More)
The impulse activity of muscle spindles isolated from the cat tenuissimus muscle was investigated under varying concentrations of the L-type calcium channel blocker nifedipine. At a concentration of 25 microM nifedipine impulse activity was clearly diminished in both primary and secondary endings. However, low concentrations of the drug (5-10 microM)(More)
Salivary glands of late third instar larvae of Drosophila melanogaster were isolated at a developmental stage when the release of ecdysone had already taken place. They were then incubated in a chemically defined medium. An ecdysone-dependent developmental puff sequence was measured in vitro and influenced by adding various substances or by changing(More)
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