Madison S. Powell

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Redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss ssp.) in southeastern Oregon inhabit high-elevation streams that exhibit extreme variability in seasonal flow and diel water temperature. Given the strong influence and potential limitations exerted by temperature on fish physiology, we were interested in how acute temperature change and thermal history influenced the(More)
This study describes the development of a TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) technique using the heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp 70) and 18S ribosomal DNA (18S rDNA) sequences to identify Myxobolus cerebralis and attempt to quantify infection severity within rainbow trout fry Oncorhynchus mykiss. Rainbow trout for this study were(More)
Understanding the effects of dietary carbohydrates on transcription factors that regulate myogenesis provides insight into the role of nutrient sensing by satellite cells towards myocyte differentiation. We evaluated the influence of dietary carbohydrate level (0, 15, 25 or 35%) on the temporal mRNA expression patterns (4, 8 or 12 weeks) of transcription(More)
In this study, we tested for the presence of sexual dimorphism in the hepatic transcriptome of the adult zebrafish and examined the effect of long term manipulation of dietary carbohydrate on gene expression in both sexes. Zebrafish were fed diets comprised of 0%, 15%, 25%, or 35% carbohydrate from the larval stage through sexual maturity, then sampled for(More)
The use of captive broodstocks is becoming more frequently employed as the number of species facing endangerment or extinction throughout the world increases. Efforts to rebuild the endangered Snake River sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, population have been ongoing for over a decade, but the use of microsatellite data to develop inbreeding avoidance(More)
a University of Idaho, Aquaculture Research Institute, Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station, 3059-F National Fish Hatchery Road, Hagerman, Idaho 83332, USA b Jeju National University, Department of Marine Life Science, Jeju 690-756 and Marine and Environmental Research Institute, Jeju 695-814, South Korea c United States Department of Agriculture,(More)
We used microarray and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses in adult female zebrafish (Danio rerio) to identify metabolic pathways regulated by starvation in the liver and brain. The transcriptome of whole zebrafish brain showed little response to 21 days of starvation. Only agouti-related protein 1 (agrp1) significantly responded, with increased(More)
We evaluated reproductive isolation of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) life history types that have been reintroduced to northern Idaho, USA. Analysis of 1003 samples at six microsatellite loci revealed strong reproductive isolation between ocean- and stream-type Chinook salmon (fall and summer spawn timing, respectively) within the Clearwater(More)
A quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) assay has been developed to detect varying levels of Renibacterium salmoninarum, the causative agent of bacterial kidney disease. This assay allows for the direct enumeration of bacterial DNA or RNA copy number within tissues and body fluids. The assay can be applied non-lethally and can be used to determine(More)