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A quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) assay has been developed to detect varying levels of Renibacterium salmoninarum, the causative agent of bacterial kidney disease. This assay allows for the direct enumeration of bacterial DNA or RNA copy number within tissues and body fluids. The assay can be applied non-lethally and can be used to determine(More)
We used microarray and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses in adult female zebrafish (Danio rerio) to identify metabolic pathways regulated by starvation in the liver and brain. The transcriptome of whole zebrafish brain showed little response to 21 days of starvation. Only agouti-related protein 1 (agrp1) significantly responded, with increased(More)
Redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss ssp.) in southeastern Oregon inhabit high-elevation streams that exhibit extreme variability in seasonal flow and diel water temperature. Given the strong influence and potential limitations exerted by temperature on fish physiology, we were interested in how acute temperature change and thermal history influenced the(More)
In this study, we tested for the presence of sexual dimorphism in the hepatic transcriptome of the adult zebrafish and examined the effect of long term manipulation of dietary carbohydrate on gene expression in both sexes. Zebrafish were fed diets comprised of 0%, 15%, 25%, or 35% carbohydrate from the larval stage through sexual maturity, then sampled for(More)
Understanding the effects of dietary carbohydrates on transcription factors that regulate myogenesis provides insight into the role of nutrient sensing by satellite cells towards myocyte differentiation. We evaluated the influence of dietary carbohydrate level (0, 15, 25 or 35%) on the temporal mRNA expression patterns (4, 8 or 12 weeks) of transcription(More)
This study describes the development of a TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) technique using the heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp 70) and 18S ribosomal DNA (18S rDNA) sequences to identify Myxobolus cerebralis and attempt to quantify infection severity within rainbow trout fry Oncorhynchus mykiss. Rainbow trout for this study were(More)
Next-generation massive parallel sequencing and bioinformatic techniques were applied to observe the differences in the transcriptome of Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles that were fed with a control diet (T1) or the same diet plus a live Ulva clathrata supplement (T2). The average size of the libraries was of 271 bp for T1 and 275 bp for T2. A total of(More)
Glycation occurs when glucose reacts non-enzymatically with proteins. This reaction depends upon time, ambient glucose concentration, and the molecular conformation of reactive amino acids. Little is known about protein glycation in fishes and the main objective of this study was to measure glycated hemoglobin (GHb) in rainbow trout, a glucose-intolerant(More)
Barriers to migration are numerous in stream environments and can occur from anthropogenic activities (such as dams and culverts) or natural processes (such as log jams or dams constructed by beaver (Castor canadensis)). Identification of barriers can be difficult when obstructions are temporary or incomplete providing passage periodically. We examine the(More)