Madis Metsis

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* Knowledge of the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in natural ecosystems is a major bottleneck in mycorrhizal ecology. Here, we aimed to apply 454 sequencing--providing a new level of descriptive power--to assess the AMF diversity in a boreonemoral forest. * 454 sequencing reads of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene of(More)
We aimed to enhance understanding of the molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) by building a new global dataset targeting previously unstudied geographical areas. In total, we sampled 96 plant species from 25 sites that encompassed all continents except Antarctica. AMF in plant roots were detected by sequencing the nuclear SSU rRNA gene(More)
The application of high-throughput sequencing methods has raised doubt in the concept of the uniform healthy vaginal microbiota consisting predominantly of lactobacilli by revealing the existence of more variable bacterial community composition. As this needs to be analyzed more extensively and there is little straightforward data regarding the vaginal(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are novel high-capacity delivery vectors for different bioactive cargoes. We have evaluated the CPP transportan 10 (TP10) as a delivery vector in different in vitro plasmid delivery assays. Tested methods include: TP10 crosslinked to a plasmid via a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligomer, TP10 conjugation with polyethyleneimine(More)
Despite the important ecosystem role played by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), little is known about spatial and temporal variation in soil AMF communities. We used pyrosequencing to characterise AMF communities in soil samples (n = 44) from a natural forest ecosystem. Fungal taxa were identified by BLAST matching of reads against the MaarjAM database(More)
Variation in plant species richness has been described using only aboveground vegetation. The species richness of roots and rhizomes has never been compared with aboveground richness in natural plant communities. We made direct comparisons of grassland plant richness in identical volumes (0.1 × 0.1 × 0.1 m) above and below the soil surface, using(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi play an important role in ecosystems, but little is known about how soil AM fungal community composition varies in relation to habitat type and land-use intensity. We molecularly characterized AM fungal communities in soil samples (n = 88) from structurally open (permanent grassland, intensive and sustainable agriculture)(More)
TAF4 is crucial for the activity of many transcription factors, including CREB, RAR and CSL/RBP-Jkappa, but the role for TAF4 in neural development is unknown. Embryonic cortical neural stem cells (NSC) showed strong expression of TAF4 that decreased during neuronal but not glial differentiation. In a protein-protein interaction screen, we identified the(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) are key players in the maturation of the human endometrium. The corresponding steroid hormone modulators, tamoxifen (TAM) and mifepristone (RU486) are widely used in breast cancer therapy and for contraception purposes, respectively. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Gene expression profiling of the human(More)
Mitochondria-cytoskeleton interactions were analyzed in adult rat cardiomyocytes and in cancerous non-beating HL-1 cells of cardiac phenotype. We show that in adult cardiomyocytes βII-tubulin is associated with mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM). βI-tubulin demonstrates diffused intracellular distribution, βIII-tubulin is colocalized with Z-lines and(More)