Madiha Zafar

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BACKGROUND Epilepsy is a common but widely misunderstood illness. Consequently, epileptics suffer from considerable stigmatization in society. Since no studies have detailed the misperceptions about epilepsy in our community, it is not possible to provide focused intervention aimed at eliminating this prejudice. PURPOSE To assess the knowledge and(More)
The 3GPP Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS) aims to introduce group communications into the 3G networks. One of the current key challenges is how to evolve these incipient features towards the ''beyond 3G vision'' of a converged global network where multimedia content can be delivered over one or more selected broadcast transport bearers. This(More)
This paper presents the design of a Context Management Architecture. It introduces a modular and extendible management model comprising Context Broker, Context Provider and Context Consumer entities. In addition, Service Enabler components are introduced. By descriptive commercial trials and usage scenarios its success is documented. The architecture proves(More)
— Leveraging the ubiquity of mobile devices, innovative social and cognitive applications are emerging. However, the gap between these social community services/applications and multicast transmission hinders their wide spread deployment and affect commercial viability. This leads us to rethink the existing broadcast/multicast transmission paradigm,(More)
Broadcasting/multicasting is more advantageous than multiple unicast as it reduces the communication cost. And supporting terminals with differing media capabilities is expected to be important and to grow in importance. However, considering user terminal requirements during multicast communication is not straightforward and leads us to rethink the existing(More)
Telecommunications industry has constantly enriched user communication experience by adding services in a service orientated approach. These services are supported by end-to-end design and integration of functions within the infrastructure. Convergence of mobile and fixed telephone systems, computer network (Internet) and broadcast infrastructure has(More)
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