Learn More
PURPOSE Provenge (Dendreon Corp, Seattle, WA) is an immunotherapy product consisting of autologous dendritic cells loaded ex vivo with a recombinant fusion protein consisting of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) linked to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Sequential phase I and phase II trials were performed to determine the safety and(More)
OBJECTIVE Metabolic activity of transformed human liver (Hep G2) cells and primary rat hepatocytes were compared during in vitro application of a gel entrapment bioartificial liver. BACKGROUND Clinical trials of bioartificial liver devices containing either transformed liver cells or primary hepatocytes have been initiated. A study comparing transformed(More)
Liver failure is a major cause of mortality. A bioartificial liver (BAL) employing isolated hepatocytes can potentially provide temporary support for liver failure patients. We have developed a bioartificial liver by entrapping hepatocytes in collagen loaded in the luminal side of a hollow fiber bioreactor. In the first phase of development, liver-specific(More)
We attempted to induce therapeutic immunity against prostate-derived tissues in patients suffering from progressive hormone-refractory metastatic prostate carcinoma. Thirteen patients were treated with two infusions, 1 month apart, of autologous dendritic cells (APC8015) preexposed ex vivo to PA2024, a fusion protein consisting of human(More)
BACKGROUND Most strategies in cancer immunotherapy are aimed at the induction of a strong cellular immune response against the tumor. Particularly, CD8+ T lymphocytes have been proven in multiple animal models to be critical for the eradication of solid tumors. METHODS We used a population of peripheral blood-derived antigen-presenting cells (APC),(More)
We have developed a hepatocyte entrapment hollow fiber bioreactor for potential use as a bioartificial liver. Hepatocytes were entrapped in collagen gel inside the lumen of the hollow fibers. Medium was perfused through the intraluminal region after contraction of the hepatocyte-entrapment gel. Another medium stream, comparable to the patient's blood during(More)
In a continuous culture with cell retention the perfusion rate must be adjusted dynamically to meet the cellular demand. An automated mechanism of adjusting the perfusion rate based on real-time measurement of the metabolic load of the bioreactor is important in achieving a high cell concentration and maintaining high viability. We employed oxygen uptake(More)
Freshly harvested rat hepatocytes form spheroids on uncoated positively charged polystyrene surfaces. Time lapse microscopy revealed that cell movement and reorganization were involved in spheroid formation. Ultrastructural evaluation using scanning and transmission electron microscopy indicated polarized cellular morphology and extensive cell-cell(More)
Metabolic activity of a gel-entrapment, hollow fiber, bioartificial liver was evaluated in vitro and during extracorporeal hemoperfusion in an anhepatic rabbit model. The bioartificial liver contained either 100 million rat hepatocytes (n = 12), fibroblasts (n = 3), or no cells (n = 7) during hemoperfusion of anhepatic rabbits. Eight other anhepatic rabbits(More)
A bioartificial liver (BAL) employing xenogeneic hepatocytes has been developed as a potential interim support for patients in hepatic failure. For application in human therapy, the BAL requires a substantial increase in liver-specific functions. Cultivation of hepatocytes as spheroids leads to enhanced liver specific functions. We explored the possibility(More)