Madhuri Sankaranarayanapillai

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Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are new and promising antineoplastic agents. Current methods for monitoring early response rely on invasive biopsies or indirect blood-derived markers. Our goal was to develop a magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)-based method to detect HDAC inhibition. The fluorinated lysine derivative Boc-Lys-(Tfa)-OH (BLT) was(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) are emerging as promising and selective antitumor agents. However, HDACis can lead to tumor stasis rather than shrinkage, in which case, traditional imaging methods are not adequate to monitor response. Consequently, novel approaches are needed. We have shown in cells that (19)F magnetic resonance spectroscopy(More)
The antivascular function of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) inhibitor imatinib combined with paclitaxel has been demonstrated by invasive immunohistochemistry. The purpose of this study was to 1) noninvasively monitor the response to anti-PDGFR treatment, and 2) understand the underlying mechanism of this response. Thus, response to(More)
Expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN), the key enzyme in de novo synthesis of long-chain fatty acids, is normally low but increases in cancer. Consequently, FASN is a novel target for cancer therapy. However, because FASN inhibitors can lead to tumor stasis rather than shrinkage, noninvasive methods for assessing FASN inhibition are needed. To this end,(More)
Abnormal fatty acid (FA) synthesis is one of the common features of cancer. Fatty acid synthase (FASN), a multifunctional enzyme playing a key role in biosynthesis of FA, is up-regulated in prostate, breast, and lung carcinomas. Orlistat is a FDA-approved anti-obesity drug that inhibits the thioesterase domain of FASN, interferes with cellular FA synthesis,(More)
Brachytherapy, a radiotherapy technique for treating prostate cancer, involves the implantation of numerous radioactive seeds into the prostate. While the implanted seeds can be easily identified on a computed tomography image, distinguishing the prostate and surrounding soft tissues is not as straightforward. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers(More)
PURPOSE The use of MRI in post-brachytherapy-implant evaluation is limited due to challenges in localizing dark-appearing seeds in the prostatic stroma. Previous studies showed cobalt dichloride N-acetyl cysteine complex (C4) as a promising positive contrast agent to indicate seed location. In this study, we investigated the potential benefit of using C4,(More)
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