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Airway epithelial cells bearing mutations of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) possess an increased Na+ conductance along with their well described defect of cAMP dependent Cl- conductance. Currently it is not clear, how this occurs, and whether it is due to a CFTR control of epithelial Na+ conductances which might be(More)
Cl- secretion in the colon can be activated by an increase of either intracellular Ca2+ or cAMP. In this study we examined a possible interdependence of the two second-messenger pathways in human colonic epithelium. When measured in a modified Ussing chamber, carbachol (CCH; 100 micromol/l, basolateral), via an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration(More)
The cystic-fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) functions as a cAMP-regulated Cl- channel and as a regulator of other membrane conductances. cAMP-dependent activation of CFTR inhibits epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC). The specificity of interaction between CFTR and ENaC was examined by coexpression of ENaC and ATP-binding cassette (ABC)(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene which is a Cl- channel and a regulator of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). We have recently shown that newborn CFTR-deficient mice exhibit abnormalities of the tracheal cartilage leading to altered ventilation (Bonvin et al., 2008). However,(More)
Activation of the CFTR Cl- channel inhibits epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC), according to studies on epithelial cells and overexpressing recombinant cells. Here we demonstrate that ENaC is inhibited during stimulation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrance conductance regulator (CFTR) in Xenopus oocytes, independent of the experimental set-up and the(More)
Oocytes from Xenopus laevis activate a Ca2+ dependent Cl- conductance when exposed to the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin. This Ca2+ activated Cl- conductance (CaCC) is strongly outwardly rectifying and has a halide conductivity ratio (GI- / GCl-) of about 4.4. This is in contrast to the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-Cl- conductance,(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) functions as a Cl- channel in a large variety of cells expressing this protein. Recently evidence has accumulated that it also regulates other ion channels. A coordinated increase in Cl- and K+ conductances is necessary in many Cl--secreting epithelia. This has, for example, recently been(More)
— Reviews of medication from patients are numerous on the internet. This review provides a brief overview of approaches to aspect mining as they relate to drug discovery. Many adverse drug reactions on chronic diseases are not discovered during limited pre-marketing clinical trials, they are only observed after long term post-marketing investigation of drug(More)
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