Madhulika Dixit

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BACKGROUND Platelets from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus display hyperaggregability and increased thrombogenic potential. METHODS AND RESULTS In platelets from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, we found enhanced tyrosine nitration and inactivation of the sarcoplasmic endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA-2), elevated platelet [Ca2+]i, and(More)
The application of fluid shear stress to endothelial cells elicits the formation of nitric oxide (NO) and phosphorylation of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Shear stress also elicits the enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of endothelial proteins, especially of those situated in the vicinity of cell-cell contacts. Since a major constituent of these(More)
Contrary to the antimotogenic effect of NO in dedifferentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), we have reported that NO stimulates the motility of differentiated cultured VSMC isolated from adult rats. This process involves upregulation of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, followed by downregulation of RhoA activity. In the present study, we tested(More)
Hyperinsulinemia plays a major role in the pathogenesis of vascular disease. Restenosis occurs at an accelerated rate in hyperinsulinemia and is dependent on increased vascular smooth muscle cell movement from media to neointima. PDGF plays a critical role in mediating neointima formation in models of vascular injury. We have reported that PDGF increases(More)
A radioimmunoassay based on an antiserum to human parathyroid hormone-related protein PTHrP(1-16) was used with PTHrP(1-34) standard to measure the concentration of immunoreactive PTHrP in extracts of fetal parathyroid glands from lambs and calves and also placental membranes obtained from several species, including man. Dilution curves from these sources(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) has been detected in fetal serum and amniotic fluid. Using a combination of immunocytochemistry and molecular biology we have detected the peptide and its mRNA in a variety of fetal tissues throughout gestation. Tissue-specific mRNA isoforms were observed, the pattern of hybridization of which changed throughout(More)
AIMS Phosphorylation of forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors induces their nuclear exclusion and proteosomal degradation. Here, we investigated the effect of fluid shear stress on FoxO1a in primary cultures of human endothelial cells and the kinases that regulate its phosphorylation. METHODS AND RESULTS Shear stress (12 dynes/cm2) elicited the(More)
Fluid shear stress enhances NO production in endothelial cells by a mechanism involving the activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and the phosphorylation of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). We investigated the role of the scaffolding protein Gab1 and the tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 in this signal transduction cascade in cultured and native(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) both play important roles in vascular remodeling. Moreover, nitric oxide (NO) is well established as a counterregulatory agent that opposes the actions of several vascular agonists, in part by decreasing smooth muscle motility. We tested the hypothesis that NO blocks insulin or IGF-I-induced rat aortic smooth(More)
We have previously reported that SHP-2 upregulation is necessary for NO-stimulated motility in differentiated rat aortic smooth muscle cells. We now test the hypothesis that upregulation of SHP-2 is necessary and sufficient to stimulate cell motility. Overexpression of SHP-2 via recombinant adenoviral vector stimulated motility to the same extent as NO,(More)