Madhu K. Nair

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This study compared the accuracy of three imaging modalities for the detection of artificially induced vertical root fractures (VRF) on teeth in cadaver mandibles. Fifty-four single-rooted, endodontically treated mandibular teeth being prepared to carry posts were evaluated using direct digital radiography (DDI) with a Schick sensor, unprocessed Tuned(More)
INTRODUCTION Vertical root fractures of teeth (VRFs) often pose a diagnostic dilemma because of the difficulty in detection of these in intraoral radiographs except in certain cases with very distinct clinical findings. This often leads to unwarranted extraction of the tooth. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) produces three-dimensional images and allows(More)
This study compared the diagnostic efficacy of four imaging modalities for the detection of artificially induced recurrent caries: intraoral film, direct digital bitewing images, tuned apertuce computed tomography (TACT) slices and iteratively restored TACT images using an in vitro model. Twenty-four posterior teeth were prepared for MOD inlay restorations.(More)
OBJECTIVE Study of radiographic features of maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin as visualized on 3-dimensional advanced imaging is essential for prompt diagnosis and appropriate management. This study attempted to describe and delineate radiographic characteristics of this condition. STUDY DESIGN Three cases of failed endodontic therapy presenting(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola are periodontal pathogens that express virulence factors associated with the pathogenesis of periodontitis. In this paper we tested the hypothesis that P. gingivalis and T. denticola are synergistic in terms of virulence; using a model of mixed microbial infection in rats. Groups of rats were orally infected(More)
This review provides an overview of digital radiography as it exists, including advanced imaging such as computed tomography (CT), cone beam volumetric imaging, and micro-CT as relevant to the practice of endodontics. An evidence-based approach to adoption of different imaging technologies is included to assist the practitioner with the selection process of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of proximal caries detection comparing enhanced and unenhanced Siemens Sidexis CCD-based digital images with Ektaspeed Plus films utilizing receiver operating characteristic analysis. STUDY DESIGN Sixty extracted teeth (24 posterior and 36 anterior) were imaged under identical standardized geometric and exposure(More)
This report presents an incidental finding of a potentially life-threatening large fusiform aneurysm of the internal carotid artery at the level of the posterior communicating artery in a patient who reported with complaints relating to the presence of a radiolucent lesion in the mandible that was diagnosed as odontogenic keratocyst. This case highlights(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the effects of restorative material and lesion location on the detection of recurrent caries using intra-oral film, direct digital radiography and unprocessed and iteratively restored tuned aperture computed tomography (TACT) images. METHODS An in vitro model with simulated lesions in half the surfaces studied was used. Lesions of(More)