Madhu Chhanda Mohanty

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A total of 110 cattle were examined in an area endemic for Bancroftian filariasis for the prevalence of infection of the bovine filarial parasite Setaria digitata. About 12.5% of cattle were found to harbour both adult worms in the peritoneum and microfilariae (mf) in circulation; 70% of the cattle were amicrofilaraemic but with an adult worm infection. A(More)
OBJECTIVE IgG and IgA immunocompetence of children with wild poliovirus poliomyelitis and non-polio acute flaccid paralysis. METHODS 932 cases of acute flaccid paralysis, reported in 2008-2009, were tested for presence of polio and non-polio enteroviruses according to the WHO standards. Serum IgA and IgG levels were determined by sandwich ELISA. RESULTS(More)
Soybean–wheat cropping system is predominant in vertisols of central India. Long-term field experiment was conducted to assess the effect of four tillage systems [conventional tillage (CT), mouldboard tillage (MB), reduced tillage (RT) and no tillage (NT)] and three rates of fertilizer N (50, 100 and 150 % of recommended fertilizer) on crop yields, root(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Polioviruses are the causative agent of paralytic poliomyelitis. Attenuated polioviruses (Sabin oral poliovirus vaccine strains) do not replicate efficiently in neurons as compared to the wild type polioviruses and therefore do not cause disease. This study was aimed to investigate the differential host immune response to wild type 1(More)
Meriones unguiculatus commonly known as gerbils are widely used as animal models for a variety of parasitic infections such as Brugia malayi, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia duodenalis, Toxoplasma gondi, Helicobacter pylori, Strongyloides stercoralis and Echinococcus multilocularis. Groups of BALB/c mice, gerbils and XID mice were studied for antibody(More)
Studies on immune responses to parasites have been undertaken in filariasis with a view to understand protective immunity, pathogenesis of the disease process and mechanisms of immune deviation. However none of the investigations conducted so far on antibody responses have addressed the issue of immunogenicity of filarial carbohydrate antigens in human(More)
The natural history of human filarial infections leading to development of disease has been a subject of intense debate. The models proposed so far have largely been based on cross-sectional data on microfilariae (Mf) and disease prevalence in filariasis endemic areas. In an attempt to study the parasitological and clinical consequences of filarial(More)
Antisheath antibodies have been incriminated in elimination of circulating microfilariae in human filariasis since a very significant inverse association has been consistently demonstrated between the two parameters. An attempt was made in the present study to seek empirical proof for the above proposal. Two cohorts of 43 and 73 microfilariae (mf) carriers(More)
Human filariasis caused by lymphatic dwelling nematodes, affecting 120 million persons worldwide, is a major public health problem. Efforts towards development of vaccines for such large tissue-dwelling nematodes depends significantly on identification and demonstration of protective immunity in the exposed population. Immunological studies conducted in(More)