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Cells responding to dramatic environmental changes or undergoing a developmental switch typically change the expression of numerous genes. In bacteria, sigma factors regulate much of this process, whereas in eukaryotes, four RNA polymerases and a multiplicity of generalized transcription factors (GTFs) are required. Here, by using a systems approach, we(More)
The environment significantly influences the dynamic expression and assembly of all components encoded in the genome of an organism into functional biological networks. We have constructed a model for this process in Halobacterium salinarum NRC-1 through the data-driven discovery of regulatory and functional interrelationships among approximately 80% of its(More)
Bacteriophage T4 AsiA, a protein of 90 amino acid residues, binds to the sigma(70) subunit of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase and inhibits host or T4 early transcription or, together with the T4 MotA protein, activates T4 middle transcription. To investigate which regions within AsiA are involved in forming a complex with sigma(70) and in providing(More)
Activation of bacteriophage T4 middle promoters, which occurs about 1 min after infection, uses two phage-encoded factors that change the promoter specificity of the host RNA polymerase. These phage factors, the MotA activator and the AsiA co-activator, interact with the sigma(70) specificity subunit of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase, which normally(More)
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