Madhavi V Dhobale

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BACKGROUND AND AIM Maternal nutrition is an important determinant of the duration of pregnancy and fetal growth, and thereby influences pregnancy outcome. Folic acid and vitamin B(12) are involved in one-carbon metabolism and are reported to underlie intrauterine programming of adult diseases. METHODS In the present study, the levels of folate, vitamin(More)
AIM To establish the levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in both plasma and erythrocytes of maternal and cord blood as well as in breast milk of mothers delivering babies at term. METHODS A total of 148 mothers delivering babies at term were recruited from Bharati Medical Hospital, Pune, India. RESULTS Levels of DHA and AA in(More)
Abnormal brain development in a compromised prenatal and/or early postnatal environment is thought to be a risk factor for several neurobehavioural disorders. However, the mechanisms underlying these are not well understood. We have earlier reported reduced placental docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels in preterm deliveries. We have hypothesized that(More)
Preterm pregnancies account for approximately 10% of the total pregnancies and are associated with low birth weight (LBW) babies. Recent studies have shown that LBW babies are at an increased risk of developing brain disorders such as cognitive dysfunction and psychiatric disorders. Maternal nutrition, particularly, micronutrients involved in one-carbon(More)
Proper placental development is essential during pregnancy since it forms the interface between the maternal-foetal circulations and is critical for foetal nutrition and oxygenation. Neurotrophins such as nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophin (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5) are naturally occurring molecules that(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased oxidative stress is known to be associated with pregnancy complications like preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesize that increased maternal oxidative stress may differentially affect/program the pregnancy outcome during early postnatal periods in male and female babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS One-hundred three healthy pregnant women(More)
Reports suggest that the placenta in preterm birth may provide clues to predicting the risk of individuals developing chronic diseases in later life. Placental delivery of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) (constituents of the cell membrane and precursors of prostaglandins) is essential for the optimal development of the central nervous system(More)
Neurotrophic factors such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) are involved in development of the placenta and fetal brain. A series of human and animal studies in our department have shown that micronutrients (folic acid, vitamin B12) and omega 3 fatty acids like DHA are all interlinked in the one carbon cycle. Any(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin, which exerts an important role in the development and function of the central and peripheral nervous system. There is limited information regarding the levels of NGF during pregnancy and its role in fetal development. We have earlier reported increased oxidative stress in pregnancy complications. The present(More)
Maternal long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) play a key role in fetal growth and development. This study for the first time examines the maternal and cord LCPUFA levels in preeclamptic mothers delivering male and female infants. In this study 122 normotensive control pregnant women (gestation≥37 weeks) and 90 women with preeclampsia were(More)