Learn More
We hypothesize that expression of proangiogenic genes correlates with the metastatic potential of prostate cancer cells. LNCaP, DU-145, and PC-3 are prostate cancer cell lines with low, moderate, and high metastatic potential, respectively, as we demonstrated by their capacity to invade an extracellular matrix, an established tumor invasion assay. The(More)
The brain is a target organ for recreational drugs and HIV-1. Epidemiological data demonstrate that opioid abuse is a risk factor for HIV-1 infection and progression to AIDS. Chemokines and their receptors have been implicated in the neuropathogenesis of HIV-1 infections. However, little is known about the effects of opioids on the expression of chemokines(More)
The US is experiencing an epidemic of cocaine use entangled with HIV-1 infection. Normal human astrocytes (NHA) are susceptible to HIV-1 infection. We utilized LTR-R/U5 amplification, p24 antigen assay and the proteomic method of difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) combined with protein identification through HPLC-MS/MS to investigate the effect of(More)
Earlier studies have supported a significant role for cocaine in the susceptibility to and the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Recently, several unique HIV-1 entry coreceptors (e.g., CCR5 and CCR3) and a trio of HIV-1-specific suppressor chemokines, namely, RANTES (regulated-upon-activation T expressed and secreted),(More)
Chemokines and their receptors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neuroAIDS. Herein we describe the effects of morphine on the gene expression of beta chemokines and their receptors by primary normal human astrocytes (NHA). Our results show that NHA treated with morphine showed significant downregulation of the gene expression of beta chemokines,(More)
The in vitro effect of prednisolone (PRD) on NK and ADCC activities of human lymphocytes was investigated. PRD at concentrations ranging from 7.5 X 10(-3) to 1 X 10(-5) M significantly inhibited NK activity, while concentrations of 7.5 X 10(-3) to 1 X 10(-4) M inhibited ADCC activities of PBL when added directly to the mixture of effector and target cells.(More)
In the US, the increase in methamphetamine (METH) use has been associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection. Dendritic cells (DC) are the first line of defense against HIV-1. DC play a critical role in harboring HIV-1 and facilitate the infection of neighboring T cells. However, the role of METH on HIV-1 infectivity and the(More)
The in vitro effect of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on natural killer (NK) cell activities of normal lymphocytes was investigated. NPY at 10(-9) to 10(-12) M concentrations produced significant suppression of NK activity against K 562 target cells. NPY at 10(-9) to 10(-12) M concentrations also produced significant inhibitory effects on NK activities of NK-enriched(More)
Cord blood lymphocytes (CBL) were compared with adult peripheral blood lymphocytes (a-PBL) for their: (i) natural killer (NK) and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic (ADCC) activities, (ii) target-binding capacity, (iii) ability to induce soluble natural killer cytotoxic factor (NKCF), (iv) interferon (IFN)-, interleukin 2 (IL-2)-, and lectin-induced(More)
We report that methamphetamine (meth) may act as cofactor in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 pathogenesis by increasing dendritic cell (DC)-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 (ICAM-3) grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) expression on DCs. Mature DCs (MDCs), obtained from normal subjects, cultured with meth show an up-regulation of DC-SIGN gene and(More)