Madhavan P.N. Nair

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Earlier studies have supported a significant role for cocaine in the susceptibility to and the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Recently, several unique HIV-1 entry coreceptors (e.g., CCR5 and CCR3) and a trio of HIV-1-specific suppressor chemokines, namely, RANTES (regulated-upon-activation T expressed and secreted),(More)
The in vitro effect of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on natural killer (NK) cell activities of normal lymphocytes was investigated. NPY at 10(-9) to 10(-12) M concentrations produced significant suppression of NK activity against K 562 target cells. NPY at 10(-9) to 10(-12) M concentrations also produced significant inhibitory effects on NK activities of NK-enriched(More)
Herein we review the various methods currently in use for determining the expression of chemokines by CNS cells in vitro. Chemokine detection assays are used in conjuction with one another to provide a comprehensive, biologically relevant assessment of the chemokines which is necessary for correct data interpretation of a specific observed biological(More)
The flavonoids comprise a large class of low-molecular-weight plant metabolites ubiquitously distributed in food plants. These dietary antioxidants exert significant antitumor, antiallergic, and anti-inflammatory effects. The molecular mechanisms of their biological effects remain to be clearly understood. We investigated the anti-inflammatory potentials of(More)
It is now well established that parenteral drug abuse is a significant risk factor for contracting human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and subsequently developing AIDS. Earlier studies have shown that morphine can modulate various immune responses and therefore support the premise that morphine is a cofactor in susceptibility to and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to examine the circadian pattern of specific immunologic measures and to compare observed circadian rhythms of these measures with the well-established circadian rhythms of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones and sympathetic neurotransmitters. METHODS Blood samples were collected every 2 hours for a total of(More)
In order to examine the potential role of stress hormones and circulating HIV-1-derived products in the progression of HIV infections, we developed an in vitro model system that investigates the effects of cortisol and HIV soluble gene products on the natural killer cell activity of normal lymphocytes. The system employs a 4-h 51Cr release assay and K562-(More)
The US is experiencing an epidemic of cocaine use entangled with HIV-1 infection. Normal human astrocytes (NHA) are susceptible to HIV-1 infection. We utilized LTR-R/U5 amplification, p24 antigen assay and the proteomic method of difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) combined with protein identification through HPLC-MS/MS to investigate the effect of(More)
We report that methamphetamine (meth) may act as cofactor in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 pathogenesis by increasing dendritic cell (DC)-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 (ICAM-3) grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) expression on DCs. Mature DCs (MDCs), obtained from normal subjects, cultured with meth show an up-regulation of DC-SIGN gene and(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that is widely used as a surrogate marker in the early diagnosis and management of prostate cancer. The physiological relevance of tissue PSA levels and their role in prostate tumor growth and metastasis are not known. Free-PSA (f-PSA) was purified to homogeneity from human seminal plasma by column(More)