Madhava C. Reddy

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Psoralen is a chemotherapeutic agent that acts by producing DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), which are especially cytotoxic and mutagenic because their complex chemical nature makes them difficult to repair. Proteins from multiple repair pathways, including nucleotide excision repair (NER), are involved in their removal in mammalian cells, but the exact(More)
Human high mobility group box (HMGB) 1 and -2 proteins are highly conserved and abundant chromosomal proteins that regulate chromatin structure and DNA metabolism. HMGB proteins bind preferentially to DNA that is bent or underwound and to DNA damaged by agents such as cisplatin, UVC radiation, and benzo[a]pyrenediol epoxide (BPDE). Binding of HMGB1 to DNA(More)
DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) represent a severe form of damage that blocks DNA metabolic processes and can lead to cell death or carcinogenesis. The repair of DNA ICLs in mammals is not well characterized. We have reported previously that a key protein complex of nucleotide excision repair (NER), XPA-RPA, recognizes DNA ICLs. We now report the use of(More)
Living organisms are constantly exposed to detrimental agents both from the environment (e.g. ionizing radiation, ultraviolet light, natural and synthetic chemicals) and from endogenous metabolic processes (e.g. oxidative and hydrolytic reactions), resulting in modifications of proteins, lipids and DNA. Proteins and lipids are degraded and resynthesized,(More)
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