Madelyn S Hanson

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OBJECTIVE ATP released from human erythrocytes in response to reduced oxygen tension (pO(2)) participates in the matching of oxygen (O(2)) supply with need in skeletal muscle by stimulating increases in blood flow to areas with increased O(2) demand. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that hyperinsulinemia inhibits ATP release from erythrocytes and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to establish that the prostacyclin (PGI(2)) receptor (IP receptor) is present on rabbit and human erythrocytes and that its activation stimulates cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) synthesis and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release. METHODS The effect of incubation of erythrocytes with the active PGI(2) analogs,(More)
In non-erythroid cells, insulin stimulates a signal transduction pathway that results in the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and subsequent phosphorylation of phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3). Erythrocytes possess insulin receptors, PI3K and PDE3B. These cells release adenosine triphosphate (ATP) when exposed to reduced O(2) tension via a signaling(More)
In skeletal muscle, oxygen (O(2)) delivery to appropriately meet metabolic need requires mechanisms for detection of the magnitude of O(2) demand and the regulation of O(2) delivery. Erythrocytes, when exposed to a decrease in O(2) tension, release both O(2) and the vasodilator adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The aims of this study were to establish that(More)
Increases in the second messenger cAMP are associated with receptor-mediated ATP release from erythrocytes. In other signaling pathways, cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs) hydrolyze this second messenger and thereby limit its biological actions. Although rabbit and human erythrocytes possess adenylyl cyclase and synthesize cAMP, their PDE activity is(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a chromatin-binding protein that maintains DNA structure. On cellular activation or injury, HMGB1 is released from activated immune cells or necrotic tissues and acts as a damage-associated molecular pattern to activate Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Little is known concerning HMGB1 release and TLR4 activity and their role(More)
Activation of the G protein G(s) results in increases in cAMP, a necessary step in the pathway for ATP release from rabbit and human erythrocytes. In all cells, the level of cAMP is the product of its synthesis by adenylyl cyclase and its hydrolysis by phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Both iloprost (Ilo), a PGI(2) analog, and isoproterenol (Iso), a beta-agonist,(More)
In humans, prediabetes is characterized by marked increases in plasma insulin and near normal blood glucose levels as well as microvascular dysfunction of unknown origin. Using the extensor digitorum longus muscle of 7-wk inbred male Zucker diabetic fatty rats fed a high-fat diet as a model of prediabetes, we tested the hypothesis that hyperinsulinemia(More)
Humans and mice with sickle cell disease (SCD) have rigid red blood cells (RBCs). Omega-3 fatty acids, such as docosahexanoic acid (DHA), may influence RBC deformability via incorporation into the RBC membrane. In this study, sickle cell (SS) mice were fed natural ingredient rodent diets supplemented with 3% DHA (DHA diet) or a control diet matched in total(More)
The erythrocyte, a cell responsible for carrying and delivering oxygen in the body, has often been regarded as simply a vehicle for the circulation of hemoglobin. However, it has become evident that this cell also participates in the regulation of vascular caliber in the microcirculation via release of the potent vasodilator, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).(More)