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Individuals with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP) show a decreased sit-to-stand-to-sit (STSTS) performance. This dynamic sensorimotor task requires integration of sensory and motor information in the brain. Therefore, a better understanding of the underlying central mechanisms of impaired sensorimotor performance and the presence of NSLBP is needed. The(More)
Back muscle fatigue decreases the postural stability during quiet standing, but it is not known whether this fatigue-induced postural instability is due to an altered proprioceptive postural control strategy. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate if acute back muscle fatigue may be a mechanism to induce or sustain a suboptimal proprioceptive(More)
INTRODUCTION Balance deficits are identified as important risk factors for falling in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the specific use of proprioception, which is of primary importance during balance control, has not been studied in individuals with COPD. The objective was to determine the specific proprioceptive(More)
PURPOSE We have shown that individuals with recurrent nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and healthy individuals breathing against an inspiratory load decrease their reliance on back proprioceptive signals in upright standing. Because individuals with LBP show greater susceptibility to diaphragm fatigue, it is reasonable to hypothesize that LBP, diaphragm(More)
INTRODUCTION Postural control is a complex sensorimotor task that requires an intact network of white matter connections. The ability to weight proprioceptive signals is crucial for postural control. However, research into central processing of proprioceptive signals for postural control is lacking. This is specifically of interest in individuals with(More)
PURPOSE Most healthy individuals show a multisegmental control strategy during challenging standing conditions, whereas others show a rigid ankle-steered strategy, which is assumed as suboptimal. Respiratory-demanding tasks exert a perturbing effect on balance, although the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Functional activities, such as the sit-to-stand-to-sit (STSTS) task, are often impaired in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The STSTS task places a high demand on the postural control system, which has been shown to be impaired in individuals with COPD. It remains unknown whether postural control deficits contribute(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To date, most structural brain imaging studies in individuals with nonspecific low back pain have evaluated volumetric changes. These alterations are particularly found in sensorimotor-related areas. Although it is suggested that specific measures, such as cortical surface area and cortical thickness, reflect different underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with non-specific low back pain show decreased reliance on lumbosacral proprioceptive signals and slower sit-to-stand-to-sit performance. However, little is known in patients after lumbar microdiscectomy. METHODS Patients were randomly assigned into transmuscular (n=12) or paramedian lumbar surgery (n=13). After surgery, the same(More)
Altered proprioceptive postural control has been demonstrated in people with non-specific low back pain (LBP). However, the cause-effect relation remains unclear. Therefore, more prospective studies are necessary. Proprioceptive postural control of 104 subjects was evaluated at baseline using a force plate and with application of vibration stimulation on(More)