Madelon Hossfeld

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Many cells, including eosinophils, express CD95 (Fas), a surface receptor that mediates apoptosis when ligated by specific antibodies or its natural ligand, Fas ligand (FasL). As apoptosis may play an important role in the regulation of tissue eosinophilia, factors that modulate eosinophil sensitivity to apoptosis are of great interest. It has previously(More)
Two new xanthocillin type antibiotics, darlucin A (1) and B (2), were isolated from fermentations of Sphaerellopsis filum (Darluca filum). Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods. The darlucins are the first known compounds with a 1,2-diisocyanoalkene moiety. Both compounds exhibited antibacterial, antifungal and weak cytotoxic activities.
Recently, ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) has been shown to modulate acute inflammatory events. Acute lung injury (Arnalich et al. 2000. Infect. Immun. 68: 1942-1945) is characterized by rapid alveolar injury, lung inflammation, induced cytokine production, neutrophil accumulation, and vascular leakage leading to lung edema. The aim of this study was to(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive disease with only few treatment options available at the moment. Recently, the nucleoside uridine has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects in different animal models, e.g. in acute lung injury or bronchial asthma. METHOD Therefore, we investigated the influence of uridine supplementation on(More)
OBJECTIVES Purines are well-known as intracellular sources for energy but they also act as extracellular signaling molecules. In the recent years, there has been a growing interest in the therapeutic potential of purinergic signaling for cancer treatment. This is the first study to analyze lung purine levels and purinergic receptors in non-small-cell lung(More)
Compelling evidences point out a crucial role for extracellular nucleotides such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) during inflammatory conditions. Once released into the extracellular space, ATP modulates migration, maturation and function of various inflammatory cells via activating of purinergic receptors of the P2Y- and P2X- family. P2RX4 is an ATP-guided(More)
Purinergic receptor activation via extracellular ATP is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1/CD39 hydrolyses extracellular ATP and modulates P2 receptor signalling.We aimed to investigate the expression and function of CD39 in the pathogenesis of cigarette smoke-induced(More)
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