Madeleine Sands

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OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence and risk factors for distal symmetric sensory neuropathy (DSN) in people with NIDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Prospective follow-up was conducted from 1988 to 1992 on 231 people free of DSN during the baseline period 1984-1988 (mean follow-up, 4.7 years). Subjects with incident DSN (n = 66) were defined by any two(More)
Seventy-two patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) were enrolled in a clinical trial of the efficacy of verapamil in the treatment of ALS. In period 1 (pretreatment, months 1-3) and period 3 (posttreatment, months 10-12), patients received no drug. In period 2 (months 4-9), patients received verapamil. The slopes of declining pulmonary function(More)
The decline of neurological and neuromuscular function with age in older women and in subgroups of older women with selected risk factors for poor function is described using cross- sectional analyses of data on 8,080 women from the multicenter Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. All twelve performance-based tests of muscle strength, balance, gait,(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the validity and reliability achieved in employing trained graduate students to read and evaluate the methodologic content of papers analyzing the health effects of electromagnetic field radiation. The search identified 11,730 references from multiple sources, of which 8759 were unique and from which 97 were(More)
In children and youth with disability, the risk of obesity is higher and is associated with lower levels of physical activity, inappropriate eating behaviors, and chronic health conditions. We determined the effectiveness of a program in managing weight, through changes in physical activity and nutrition behaviors in overweight and obese New Zealand(More)
In order to examine the effects that race and personality type have on self-reported drinking practices, samples of 49 White and 49 Black male alcoholics were matched on age and education, and classified into two personality types according to MMPI scores. The results of multivariate and univariate analyses of variance yielded significant main effects.(More)
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