Madeleine Peschke

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Studies of expression in in-vivo and in-vitro maturing oocytes have the potential to elucidate signalling pathways involved in the intricate crosstalk between the oocyte and its somatic compartment during differentiation and morphogenetic processes, and the origin of disturbances in oocyte maturation possibly involved in reduced fertility. This review(More)
Non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) mega-enzyme complexes are modular assembly lines that are involved in the biosynthesis of numerous peptide metabolites independently of the ribosome. The multiple interactions between catalytic domains within the NRPS machinery are further complemented by additional interactions with external enzymes, particularly(More)
Diatoms are microalgae that possess so-called "complex plastids," which evolved by secondary endosymbiosis and are surrounded by four membranes. Thus, in contrast to primary plastids, which are surrounded by only two membranes, nucleus-encoded proteins of complex plastids face additional barriers, i.e., during evolution, mechanisms had to evolve to(More)
The importance of Cytochrome P450-catalyzed modifications of natural products produced by non-ribosomal peptide synthetase machineries is most apparent during glycopeptide antibiotic biosynthesis: specifically, the formation of essential amino acid side chains crosslinks in the peptide backbone of these clinically relevant antibiotics. These cyclization(More)
The glycopeptide antibiotics are peptide-based natural products with impressive antibiotic function that derives from their unique three-dimensional structure. Biosynthesis of the glycopeptide antibiotics centres of the combination of peptide synthesis, mediated by a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, and the crosslinking of aromatic side chains of the(More)
The activity of glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs) depends upon important structural modifications to their precursor heptapeptide backbone: specifically, the cytochrome P450-catalyzed oxidative cross-linking of aromatic side chains as well as the halogenation of specific residues within the peptide. The timing of halogenation and its effect on the cyclization(More)
We show that two α-N-methyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs) already recognise partly crosslinked precursor peptides of teicoplanin aglycone indicating that in vivo N-methylation can occur as an early tailoring step during GPA biosynthesis. This relaxed substrate specificity is accompanied by a remarkable(More)
The biosynthesis of the glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs)-which include teicoplanin and vancomycin-is a complex enzymatic process relying on the interplay of nonribosomal peptide synthesis and a cytochrome P450-mediated cyclization cascade. This unique cyclization cascade generates the highly cross-linked state of these nonribosomal peptides, which is crucial(More)