Madeleine Hanekom

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This study aimed to reconstruct the evolutionary history of Beijing strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and to test the hypothesis that evolution has influenced the ability of the Beijing strains within the different Beijing sublineages to spread and cause disease. A PCR-based method was used to analyze the genome structure of 40 different loci in 325(More)
Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Beijing genotype strains can be grouped into at least 7 different sublineages. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the virulence of Beijing genotype strains differed among members of the different sublineages and that the level of virulence correlated with their ability to spread and cause disease. BALB/c mice were(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the Beijing lineage are globally distributed and are associated with the massive spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis in Eurasia. Here we reconstructed the biogeographical structure and evolutionary history of this lineage by genetic analysis of 4,987 isolates from 99 countries and whole-genome sequencing of(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing strains represent targets of special importance for molecular surveillance of tuberculosis (TB), especially because they are associated with spread of multidrug resistance in some world regions. Standard 24-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable-number tandem-repeat (MIRU-VNTR) typing lacks resolution(More)
IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) genotyping is the most widely used genotyping method to study the epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, due to the complexity of the IS6110 RFLP genotyping technique, and the interpretation of RFLP data, mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable-number tandem-repeat (MIRU-VNTR)(More)
The diverse clinico- and histopathological features, frequency of transmission and treatment outcome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been associated with several environmental, host and bacterial factors. Many Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes have been studied in an attempt to understand the genetic variations among the different genotypes and to(More)
The fitness cost associated with the evolution of resistance to rifampin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis may be different in clinical isolates compared to in vitro-generated mutants. An atypical Beijing strain (attenuated phenotype) demonstrated the ability to spread despite acquiring resistance to rifampin. Transmission was linked to human immunodeficiency(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular genotyping methods have shown infection with more than one Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain genotype in a single sputum culture, indicating mixed infection. AIM This study aimed to develop a PCR-based genotyping tool to determine the population structure of M. tuberculosis strain genotypes in primary Mycobacterial Growth Indicator(More)
BACKGROUND Delamanid (OPC-67683) is a novel mycolic acid biosynthesis inhibitor active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis at a low minimum inhibitory concentration. METHODS Forty-eight patients with smear-positive tuberculosis (63% male; 54.7 ± 9.9 kg; 30.7 ± 10.8 years) were randomly assigned to receive delamanid 100, 200, 300 or 400 mg daily for 14(More)
Genotyping of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from tuberculosis (TB) patients in four South African provinces (Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, and Gauteng) revealed a distinct population structure of the MDR strains in all four regions, despite the evidence of substantial human migration between these(More)