Madeleine Coleman

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OBJECTIVES It has been assumed that nicotine dependence has a slow onset and occurs only after prolonged daily use of tobacco. A cohort of young adolescents was followed to determine when the first symptoms of nicotine dependence occur with respect to the duration and frequency of tobacco use. DESIGN A cohort of 681 seventh grade students (age 12-13(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if there is a minimum duration, frequency or quantity of tobacco use required to develop symptoms of dependence. DESIGN AND SETTING A retrospective/prospective longitudinal study of the natural history of tobacco dependence employing individual interviews conducted three times annually in two urban school systems over 30 months.(More)
AIM To determine how youths obtain tobacco in communities with strong enforcement of tobacco sales laws. SETTING Ten communities in Massachusetts with merchant compliance rates at or above 90%. METHODS Paper surveys and focus group discussions with 68 adolescent smokers. RESULTS Parents and friends are the primary sources of tobacco for new smokers.(More)
Current referral and identification procedures for students with learning disabilities (LD) have been criticized on conceptual and procedural dimensions, including difficulties in operationalizing the definition and in making eligibility decisions that are data based. Recognizing these difficulties, the Texas Education Agency appointed a task force to(More)
We examined the effects of adjunctive lacosamide (LCM) on mood and quality of life (QOL) in adult patients with partial-onset seizures in a prospective, controlled, single-blind study. Patients in whom LCM was added to their AED regimen for clinical indications comprised the LCM group (n=18), while the control group (n=32) comprised patients on ≥2 AEDs with(More)
Coarctation of the aorta (CoAo) occurs in about 5-8% of all live births with congenital heart disease (CHD), with a potentially higher incidence when including stillbirths [1,2]. The incidence is 1.7x higher in male newborns than female [3]. Although it is one of the most common congenital anomalies, prenatal screening may miss the diagnosis in 40-50% of(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco products were compared in regard to their price, point-of-purchase advertising, accessibility to shoplifters, and rate of sale to minors. METHODS An experimental design compared the rates of illegal sales to minors of cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and cigars. Observational surveys of 102 stores measured the number of advertisements for(More)
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