Madeleine A. Kane

Learn More
PURPOSE Patients with advanced, incurable thyroid cancer not amenable to surgery or radioactive iodine ((131)I) therapy have few satisfactory therapeutic options. This multi-institutional study assessed the activity and safety of axitinib, an oral, potent, and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) 1, 2, and 3 in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of high-dose stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for the treatment of patients with one to three hepatic metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with one to three hepatic lesions and maximum individual tumor diameters less than 6 cm were enrolled and treated on a multi-institutional, phase I/II(More)
The importance of the expression of the autocrine growth system for bombesin-like peptides (BLPS) to the biological behavior of human lung cancer has not been determined. Three BLP receptor subtypes have been identified in human lung and lung cancer cells: gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) receptor, neuromedin B (NMB) receptor, and bombesin receptor subtype 3(More)
Human nasopharyngeal epidermoid carcinoma (KB) cells contain a membrane-associated particulate folate-binding protein which is important in the cellular accumulation of physiologic folates (Antony, A. C., Kane, M. A., Portillo, R. M., Elwood, P. C., and Kolhouse, J. F. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 14911-14917) and in the binding of methotrexate (Kane, M. A.,(More)
PURPOSE An objective response rate of 11% was reported in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) treated with 500 mg daily gefitinib although the recommended dose in lung cancer is 250 mg. This study evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of 250 mg daily gefitinib in patients with recurrent and/or(More)
Methotrexate accumulation, subcellular distribution, metabolism, and cytotoxicity were studied in human epidermoid carcinoma (KB) cells that were exposed to a low extracellular concentration of methotrexate (25 nM) following culture in widely differing concentrations of folic acid. KB cells cultured in standard medium with a high folic acid concentration(More)
Cigarette smoking is associated with hyperplasia of pulmonary neuroendocrine cells and variably increased levels of bombesin-like peptides in the lower respiratory tract. Because the neuropeptide bombesin is a chemoattractant for monocytes and a mitogen for 3T3 fibroblasts, we hypothesized that an excess of neuroendocrine cells and bombesin-like peptides(More)
The contributions of the classical and alternate pathways of complement activation to the biological effects of endotoxin have been examined in the guinea pig, with particular reference to thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and the development of the hypercoagulable state. Injection of endotoxin into normal guinea pigs led to a 95% fall in the level of(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of oral melatonin in divided doses on plasma melatonin levels in patients with metastatic melanoma. Hourly blood samples were obtained from five patients for 24 h prior to melatonin administration and for 24 h during oral administration of melatonin, 50 mg every 4 h. In two of the five patients, the(More)
To determine whether transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is useful in ruling out the presence of atrial thrombus, we performed TEE in 20 patients immediately before valve replacement or valve repair and within 3 days of an autopsy in one patient. Mitral stenosis was the predominant lesion in three patients, mitral regurgitation was seen in 11 patients,(More)