Madeeha Aqil

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The HIV-1 accessory protein Nef is an important virulence factor. It associates with cellular membranes and modulates the endocytic machinery and signaling pathways. Nef also increases the proliferation of multivesicular bodies (MVBs), which are sites for virus assembly and budding in macrophages. The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway proteins Ago2 and GW182(More)
INTRODUCTION The HIV Nef protein is a multifunctional virulence factor that perturbs intracellular membranes and signalling and is secreted into exosomes. While Nef-containing exosomes have a distinct proteomic profile, no comprehensive analysis of their miRNA cargo has been carried out. Since Nef functions as a viral suppressor of RNA interference and(More)
Our previous studies demonstrate that A549, a human lung adenocarcinoma line, could be adapted to the free radical nitric oxide (NO●). NO● has been shown to be overexpressed in human tumors. The original cell line, A549 (parent), and the newly adapted A549-HNO (which has a more aggressive phenotype) serves as a useful model system to study the role of NO●(More)
Tobacco consumption remains a significant threat to public health around the world and smoking-related diseases are considered the world's most preventable cause of death. Smoking is associated to several diseases and conditions, most importantly different types of cancer. At least 30% of all cancer death is related to smoking including 87% and 70% of lung(More)
Previous work has shown enhanced survival capacity in high nitric oxide (HNO)-adapted tumor cells. In Part I of this series of manuscripts, we have shown that A549-HNO cells demonstrate an improved growth profile under UV and X-ray radiation treatment. These cells exhibit increased expression of proteins involved in DNA damage recognition and repair(More)
The Nef protein of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) promotes viral replication and progression to AIDS. Besides its well-studied effects on intracellular signaling, Nef also functions through its secretion in exosomes, which are nanovesicles containing proteins, microRNAs, and mRNAs and are important for intercellular communication. Nef expression(More)
The migration and adhesion properties of tumors affect their metastatic rate. In the present study, we investigated carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) 1, 5, and 6 expression in high nitric oxide (HNO)-adapted lung cancer cells compared to parent cells. We observed high transcript levels of CEACAM 1 (4S, 4L), CEACAM 5, and(More)
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