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OBJECTIVES Our aim was to assess the impact of positive cultures for non-Aspergillus molds on the risk of progression to invasive fungal infection (IFI), and the effect of prophylactic nebulized liposomal amphotericin B (n-LAB) on these pathogens. METHODS This was an observational study (2003-2013) including lung transplant recipients (LTR) receiving(More)
BACKGROUND The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) has recently been approved for use in immunocompromised adults. However, it is unclear whether there is an association between specific underlying conditions and infection by individual serotypes. The objective was to determine the prevalence of serotypes covered by PCV13 in a cohort of(More)
OBJECTIVES Aspergillus spp. can cause acute invasive disease in severely immunocompromised patients. Nonetheless, there are few reports of solid tumors complicated with subacute invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (subacute IPA). METHODS Retrospective observational cohort study, performed in patients with primary lung cancer or secondary lung metastasis(More)
Ceftolozane/tazobactam (C/T) is a novel β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combination antibiotic approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections due to Gram-negative bacteria, particularly extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and multidrug-resistant (MDR)(More)
We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and to evaluate the risk factors associated with early (7-day) and late (30-day) mortality. We performed an observational study including all consecutive episodes of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia diagnosed at two Italian university hospitals during 2010-2014. A(More)
β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) were compared to carbapenems in two cohorts of hematological neutropenic patients with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) bloodstream infection (BSI): the empirical therapy cohort (174 patients) and the definitive therapy cohort (251 patients). The 30-day case-fatality rates and other secondary outcomes were(More)
Information regarding the processes leading to death in patients with invasive aspergillosis (IA) is lacking. We sought to determine the causes of death in these patients, the role that IA played in the cause, and the timing of death. The factors associated with IA-related mortality are also analyzed. We conducted a multicenter study (2008-2011) of cases of(More)
INTRODUCTION The isolation of multi-drug-resistant gram-negative (MDRGN) pathogens has progressively increased worldwide and has been associated with important delays in the prescription of an adequate antibiotic treatment, resulting in increased mortality rates. Patient's stratification for MDRGN infections to optimize the prescription of an adequate(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the immunogenicity of a vaccine against this virus in a prospective cohort of transplanted pediatric patients without previous influenza infection who received one dose of MF59®-adjuvanted pandemic H1N1/2009 vaccine. Seventeen patients who were being regularly followed up at the Outpatient Clinic of the Children's(More)