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Until recently, thrombocytopenia 2 (THC2) was considered an exceedingly rare form of autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia and only 2 families were known. However, we recently identified mutations in the 5'-untranslated region of the ANKRD26 gene in 9 THC2 families. Here we report on 12 additional pedigrees with ANKRD26 mutations, 6 of which are new. Because(More)
Iron overload in β-thalassemia major (TM) typically results in iron-induced cardiomyopathy, liver disease, and endocrine complications. We examined the incidence and progression of endocrine disorders (hypothyroidism, diabetes, hypoparathyroidism, hypogonadism), growth and pubertal delay, and bone metabolism disease during long-term deferasirox chelation(More)
BACKGROUND Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a very rare form of inherited thrombocytopenia that derives from mutations in GPIbα, GPIbβ, or GPIX and is typically inherited as a recessive disease. However, some years ago it was shown that the monoallelic c.515C>T transition in the GPIBA gene (Bolzano mutation) was responsible for macrothrombocytopenia in a few(More)
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is an hematologic disorder, common in the Northern European population, which is characterized by hemolytic anemia and splenomegaly. The pathophysiological bedrock of HS consists of the retention and damage of abnormal red cells, caused by an intrinsic erythrocyte membrane defect. Hemolysis within the spleen is the main(More)
BACKGROUND Two competing concepts, field cancerization and micrometastatic lesions, have been postulated to account for the high frequency of second primary tumors and multicentric dysplasia in patients with head and neck carcinoma. METHODS To provide insight into this process, the authors examined histologically normal mucosa and dysplastic tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Change in epithelial thickness is part of the neoplastic transformation process of the upper aerodigestive tract. The quantitation of native cellular fluorescence (NCF) may represent a noninvasive means of distinguishing such a change. PATIENTS AND METHODS Nineteen patients with squamous neoplasms and 12 surgical specimens from cancer patients(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II (CDAII), the most common form of CDA, is an autosomal recessive condition. CDAII diagnosis is based on invasive, expensive, and time consuming tests that are available only in specialized laboratories. The recent identification of SEC23B mutations as the cause of CDAII opens new possibilities for the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) plays a key role in the management of thalassemia major patients, but few data are available in pediatric population. This study aims at a retrospective multiparametric CMR assessment of myocardial iron overload, function, and fibrosis in a cohort of pediatric thalassemia major patients. METHODS AND(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α) plays a pivotal role in the balancing of oxygen requirements throughout the body. The protein is a transcription factor that modulates the expression of a wide array of genes and, in turn, controls several key processes including energy metabolism, erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. We describe here the identification of(More)
BACKGROUND Maturity onset diabetes of young (MODY) type 5 is a form of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus associated with renal cysts. It is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding hepatocyte nuclear factor-1β (HNF-1β). METHODS We performed molecular screening of HNF-1β in a 13-year-old patient and his affected father,(More)