Maddalena Brunetti

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Serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 115 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) in various phases of the disease (68 at diagnosis, 22 in plateau phase, 22 in relapse), in 71 individuals with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), and in 53 normal volunteers. Detectable levels of serum(More)
We measured pretreatment serum levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) in 25 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome receiving recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) at dosages up to 300 U/kg thrice weekly for 12 weeks. Both TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta levels were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked(More)
BACKGROUND Mirror therapy (MT) was found to improve motor function after stroke, but its neural mechanisms remain unclear, especially in single stroke patients. OBJECTIVES The following imaging study was designed to compare brain activation patterns evoked by the mirror illusion in single stroke patients with normal subjects. METHODS Fifteen normal(More)
Mirror therapy is a therapy to treat patients with pain syndromes or hemiparesis after stroke. However, the underlying neurophysiologic mechanisms are not clearly understood. In order to determine the effect of a mirror-like illusion (MIR) on brain activity using functional near-infrared spectroscopy, 20 healthy right-handed subjects were examined. A MIR(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare lateralized cerebral activations elicited during self-initiated movement mirroring and observation of movements. SUBJECTS A total of 15 right-handed healthy subjects, age range 22-56 years. METHODS Functional imaging study comparing movement mirroring with movement observation, in both hands, in an otherwise identical setting.(More)
The role of pulsed high-dose dexamethasone (DXM) in the treatment of patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is still uncertain. Following an early report in which it was described as an effective and well-tolerated treatment with a sustained platelet response in 100% of cases, a number of subsequent studies have failed to confirm(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6), the major growth factor for myeloma cells, may be enhanced by soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R). Therefore, the current study investigated the clinical significance of serum sIL-6R in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS Serum levels of sIL-6R were determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay in 55 normal(More)
In Italy, data on shared-care programs for diabetes are lacking. We described the characteristics of type 2 diabetic population assisted in general practice and evaluated 3 years of follow-up outcomes and performance indicators in a shared-care program in Modena, Italy (1998-2001); only well-controlled diabetic patients were considered. Forty-nine percent(More)
The essential role of medical nutrition therapy (MNT) for people with diabetes is widely recognised, and its exclusive use is recommended in mild diabetes according to a stepwise therapeutic approach. We describe the characteristics of MNT-treated Type 2 diabetic patients (vs drugs) cared for by general practitioners (GPs) in order to check that appropriate(More)
Eighteen patients with polycythemia vera who were less than 60 years old received human leukocyte interferon-alpha subcutaneously at a starting dose of 3 MU three times a week. The interferon dose was escalated to 6 MU three times a week if it was well tolerated and disease was not controlled after 3 months of treatment at the lower dose. Hematologic(More)