Learn More
OBJECTIVE To identify the temporal sequence of abnormal Doppler changes in the fetal circulation in a subset of early and severely growth-restricted fetuses. METHODS This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary care/teaching hospital. Twenty-six women who were diagnosed with growth-restricted fetuses by local standards before 32 weeks'(More)
To assess whether antithrombotic prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin effectively prevents recurrence of late pregnancy complications, 135 women with previous history of preeclampsia, hemolytic anemia, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count syndrome, intrauterine fetal death, fetal growth restriction, or placental abruption who had been(More)
To evaluate uterine artery resistance during multiovulation induction in relation to the implantation rate in patients attendingin vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Multiovulation induction for IVF was monitored by daily determination of the pulsatility index (PI) of the uterine arteries, obtained by a transvaginal probe (6.5 MHz) implemented with(More)
BACKGROUND Factor V and prothrombin-gene mutations are independent risk factors for venous thrombosis; it is debated whether a mutation in the gene encoding methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, an enzyme involved in homocysteine metabolism, also increases the risk of venous thrombosis. Whether any of these mutations is associated with an increased risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to test the hypothesis that Doppler velocimetry of the peripheral and central circulations in normal fetuses is not affected by moderately high altitude (Denver, Colo-1609 m) compared with sea level (Milan, Italy-40 m). STUDY DESIGN One hundred nineteen patients with singleton pregnancies underwent Doppler waveform analysis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether umbilical blood flow is reduced in a subset of growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses when expressed as flow per kilogram or flow per unit of specific sonographic fetal measurements. DESIGN Prospective. SUBJECTS Thirty-seven IUGR fetuses were examined by Doppler ultrasound within 4 h of the last non-stress test prior to(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown, in a cross-sectional study, that the reduction in umbilical vein blood flow in intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses is due to reduced umbilical vein velocity. The purpose of this longitudinal study in intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses was to determine whether the umbilical vein velocity reduction, which, in turn,(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in the distribution of the umbilical venous blood flow to the liver and to the ductus venosus in intrauterine growth-restricted human fetuses in relationship with dilation of the ductal isthmic diameter. STUDY DESIGN Umbilical venous flow, ductus venosus blood flow, and blood flow to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that reduced birth weight in normal fetuses born at moderately high altitude (Denver), compared with the birth weight in normal fetuses born at sea level (Milan), is caused by a reduction in both lean mass and subcutaneous fat mass. STUDY DESIGN Ninety-four normal singleton pregnancies (46 in Denver, 48 in Milan) had(More)